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Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi

  • Capital:Abu Dhabi City
  • Population:2.33 million (mid-2012)
  • Languages:Arabic, English
  • Head of State: President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan

Abu Dhabi

Abu Dhabi is the largest emirate of the United Arab Emirates. It occupies an area of 67,340 sq km, or about 87% of the total area of the country. Abu Dhabi accounts for approximately 95% of the UAE's hydrocarbon wealth. The population of the emirate is concentrated in three areas: the capital city, Abu Dhabi; Al Ain, an oasis city located near the Hajar Mountains; and the villages of the Liwa oases. The coastal community relied on fishing and pearling for their livelihood, while those in the hinterland relied on date farming and camel herding. Through remarkable leadership and personal commitment, His Highness Shaikh Zayed bin Sultan Al Nahyan developed Abu Dhabi into an influential, fully modernised state. Upon Shaikh Zayed's death in November 2004, Shaikh Khalifa bin Zayed Al Nahyan became UAE President and Ruler of Abu Dhabi. ...


Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of Oman and the Arabian Gulf, between Oman and Saudi Arabia

Coordinates: 24.9500°N, 55.3333°E

Land area: 67,340 sq km (87% of UAE’s total land area)

Climate: Desert and arid land, cooler in Al Ain’s mountains; June through September are generally hot and humid (average of 38 °C /100 °F). The cooler months start from November to March.

Terrain: Flat, barren coastal plain merging into rolling sand dunes of vast desert arid land (93% of land area); mountains in Al Ain; greenery accounts for about 5% of land area, including parks and roadside plantations. About 1.2% of the total land area is used for agriculture. The emirate has dozens of islands, some of which have been designated as sanctuaries for wildlife.

People: Emirati(s)

Population: 2.335 million (mid-2012 est.)

Live births: 34,358 (2012), 41% rise compared with 24,300 in 2002

Infant Mortality Rate (deaths per 1,000 live births, 2012): 6.3

Life expectancy at birth for males /years (2012): 77.9

Life expectancy at birth for females /years (2012): 78.7

Total Fertility Rate (TFR): 2.3

Citizen Females TFR: 3.8

Non- Citizen Females TFR: 1.7



GDP (current US$): $257 billion (Dh953.2 billion, SCAD, March 2014)

Oil sector's share of GDP: 55%

Real GDP growth (annual %): 4.8% (2013)

GDP per capita (current US$): $29,900 (2013 est.)

Current account surplus as % of GDP: 16.6 (2013)
(Estimated by Fitch to fall to 7.6% in 2016)

Non-oil growth (%):  7.4

Sovereign net foreign assets (as % of GDP): 178 (as of end-2013)
(From 151% in 2012)

Rating by Fitch: AA and "Stable" outlook (as of August 20


Airports: 13

Main airports: Abu Dhabi International Airport; Al Ain International Airport, Al Bateen Executive Airport 

Main ports: Zayed Port, Khalifa Port, Musafar Port, Shahama Port, Mugharraq Port, Sir Baniyas Logistics Port, Delma Port, Marfa Port

Airline: Etihad


Proven reserves (billion barrels):  92.2 (94% of the UAE's oil reserves)

Production (1,000 b/d): 2,750

Gas (proven reserves): 5.8 trillion cu metres

- Gulf News research