Golden Pension Scheme UAE
UAE announces a new Federal Decree Law No. 57 of 2023 on Pension and Social Security on Friday Image Credit: Shutterstock

Abu Dhabi: The General Pension and Social Security Authority (GPSSA) has announced a new Federal Decree Law No. 57 of 2023 on Pension and Social Security, raising the maximum contribution account salary for Emiratis working in the private sector from Dh50,000 to Dh70,000.

The new law aims to improve the policies of the GPSSA and its work system, to ensure the efficiency and sustainability of the financial resources of pensions, and to honour the Authority’s future commitments.

Flexibility of pension

It also aims to enhance the flexibility of the pension and social security services in the UAE, and to mitigate any gaps in services and policies provided to the UAE nationals working in the government and the private sectors. Moreover, the Law will bring further equality in insurance benefits to encourage UAE nationals to join private sector companies.

First time employees

The new Federal Decree Law will be applied to Emirati employees who joined the labour market for the first time from the date of its publication onward in organisations participating at the GPSSA. Current employees’ participants will continue to be covered by the provisions of the current Federal Law No. (7) of 1999 on Pension and Social Security.

The pensioner who is receiving a pension in accordance with the provisions of Federal Law No. (7) of 1999 referred to or any previous law shall also continue to be covered by the current law. The insured person who has received an end-of-service bonus in accordance with the provisions of Federal Law No. 7 of 1999 or any previous law, will continue to be covered by the current Federal Law No. (7) of 1999, even if they started a new job after the issuance date of the new Federal Decree Law No. (57) of 2023.

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Monthly contribution

The monthly contribution for the insured is defined in 26 per cent of their contribution account salary, the insurer bears 11 per cent of the insured’s contribution account salary, the employer bears 15 per cent of the insured’s contribution account salary, and the government bears 2.5 per cent of the private sector employer’s share for working Emirati nationals whose contribution account salary is less than Dh20,000, to encourage recruiting UAE nationals in the private sector.

Pension calculation

To unify general rules between government and private sectors, the pension calculation mechanism is determined based on the average contribution account salary of the last six years of subscription period (or, if less, the entire contribution period) for employees of both government sector and private sector.

In accordance with the provisions of the new Decree Law, the insured employee is authorised to consolidate previous periods of service, for any employer to whom this Decree Law is applied, to their total pension. The insured can also consolidate the period of service prior to acquiring the nationality of the UAE, and the periods of prior service in any entity approved by the UAE Cabinet at the suggestion of the Authority’s Board of Directors.

Minimum age

The minimum age for the insured person to be entitled for a retirement pension is 55 years, with a minimum subscription period of 30 years. In support of the family’s vital role in society, the new Law grants working mothers’ more flexibility and benefits. It stipulates that the working mother can apply for retirement pension entitlement in younger age and shorter subscription period. She is also authorised to maintain her optional subscription if she has chosen to take leave to care for her children, in accordance with the terms and conditions. The new Law authorises the insurer to benefit from optional subscription in case they requested an unpaid leave to pursue postgraduate study.


The monthly subscription salary for the government sector consists of the basic monthly salary of the insured person, in addition to the monthly allowances, including: the cost-of-living allowance, the social allowance for children, the social allowance for UAE nationals, and the housing allowance, provided that the value of insured’s contribution account salary should not exceed Dh100,000; however, in the private sector, the wage is determined by the employment contract, provided that the monthly subscription amount is not less than Dh3,000 and does not exceed Dh70,000.

Job tenure

The new law allows the insured to request the purchase of a nominal period of adjoining to be added to their actual service periods provided that they have worked actual period of service of at least (25) years when submitting the purchase request, or a period of (15) years if they have reached the age of (60) years. The period required to be purchased should not exceed (5) years for both men and women.

The new Federal Decree Law introduced further equality between insurers from government and private sectors. The pensioner whose subscription period has reached (30) years, has the right to combine the pension with salary, regardless of their value. This combination applies to retirees from the government and private sectors.

New jobs

The Law also stipulates that the payment of the pension shall be suspended if the pensioner joins a new job covered by the provisions of the new law in exchange for compensation (whether a monthly salary, a lump sum, or a reward) if this compensation is equal to or greater than the value of the pension, and they will be paid the difference if the new salary is less than the pension amount. The pension will be repaid at the end of service in accordance with the provisions of the Decree Law.

The Law has authorised the GPSSA to set the executive regulations and conditions for employers and self-employed people to benefit from this new Federal Law. A decision shall be issued by the Minister of Finance after the approval of the Authority’s Board of Directors. The GPSSA is also authorised to draft the necessary executive regulations and conditions to apply the provisions of GCC Insurance Protection Extension Program.