CAPE TOWN: South African President Cyril Ramaphosa on Thursday announced general elections would be held on May 8, as the ruling ANC party looks to reverse falling popularity due to weak growth, unemployment and corruption.

Ramaphosa sought to strike an optimistic tone and said South Africans were now “much more hopeful” after he took over one year ago from his scandal-tainted predecessor Jacob Zuma.

Delivering the annual state-of-the-nation address to parliament, Ramaphosa said that progress had been made tackling corruption and reviving the weak economy.

Zuma, who was notably absent among other former presidents attending the speech, was forced to resign by ANC lawmakers due to mounting graft scandals that are being probed by a judicial commission in Johannesburg.

“A year ago, we set out on a path of growth and renewal,” Ramaphosa said. “Emerging from a period of uncertainty and a loss of confidence and trust, we resolved to break with all that divides us.

“We resolved to cure our country of the corrosive effects of corruption and to restore the integrity of our institutions.”

Alleged corruption under Zuma — known as “state capture” — centred around millions of dollars being siphoned off through the government and state agencies awarding fraudulent contracts to favoured companies in return from bribes.

“We have had to deal with the effects of state capture on vital public institutions, including our law enforcement agencies, whose integrity and ability to fulfil their mandate had been eroded in recent years,” Ramaphosa, who served as Zuma’s vice-president, said.

Race to attract voters

Delivering sharp criticisms of Zuma’s record, Ramaphosa told lawmakers that “mismanagement and corruption had severely undermined” state-owned companies such as the debt-laden Eskom power monopoly, which he admitted posed a major threat to the economy.

Ramaphosa has struggled to produce immediate results since taking over, with growth less than one per cent last year, and record unemployment stubbornly high at more than 27 per cent.

The ongoing judicial commission into graft has also heard blow-by-blow details of how bribes were paid to government and party officials, including senior cabinet ministers serving in Ramaphosa’s government.

The corruption revelations were “deeply disturbing, for they reveal a breadth and depth of criminal wrongdoing,” Ramaphosa admitted.