Stock - ADNOC Blue Ammonia
About 1.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide will be captured from the ammonia-making process per year. Image Credit: Supplied

Qatar plans to build a $1 billion plant to make blue ammonia, a fuel that can be converted into hydrogen by countries looking to reduce their carbon emissions.

While nascent, the worldwide market for ammonia is expected to grow as it can be shipped and converted into hydrogen, which is considered a clean fuel because it doesn’t produce carbon dioxide. Ammonia can also be burned to produce electricity or used as a fertilizer.

QatarEnergy signed agreements with Industries Qatar QSC and its subsidiary, Qatar Fertiliser Co., to develop a so-called blue ammonia plant that will be able to produce as much as 1.2 million tonnes a year, energy minister and CEO of QatarEnergy said at a ceremony in Doha on Wednesday.

Germany’s ThyssenKrupp AG and Consolidated Contractors Co. in Greece have been awarded a contract for the plant dubbed ‘Ammonia-7,’ QatarEnergy said in a statement.

To make ammonia, hydrogen is combined with nitrogen. When hydrogen is extracted from natural gas and the carbon dioxide byproduct is captured, the resulting ammonia is considered “blue”.

About 1.5 million tonnes of carbon dioxide will be captured and sequestered from the ammonia-making process per year once the blue ammonia plant starts operating in the first quarter of 2026, according to the statement. Qatar aims to develop its carbon capture and storage facilities so that it can sequester as much as 11 million tonnes of carbon dioxide a year by 2035.