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The team who discovered ancient swords, believed by the Israel Antiquities Authority to be from the Roman era dating back 1,900 years and found in a weapons cache in a cave in an Israeli desert, view their discovery in Jerusalem, September 6, 2023. Image Credit: REUTERS

JERUSALEM: Israeli archaeologists on Wednesday displayed four Roman-era swords and a javelin discovered inside a cave in the Judean desert, where they had been preserved for nearly 1,900 years.

The archaeologists said the ancient weapons were believed to have been used during the Bar Kokhba revolt of Jews against the Romans in the second century.

“It’s a very unique and important discovery, which is unprecedented in Israel,” Eitan Klein, director of Israel Antiquities Authority, told journalists at an event showcasing the weapons.

“We suppose that Jewish rebels took the weapons as booty from Roman units or they were collected in the battlefield and they were hidden in a cave as a cache of swords to be used or reused in future battles.”

The weapons were found in June, deeply wedged behind a wall of stalactites and preserved in wood and leather scabbards.

Image Credit: Reuters

Without specifying the location for fear of lootings, Klein said the discovery was made on Israeli territory in an area close to the Ein Gedi natural reserve.

“We are just beginning to understand what these could be,” said Guy Stiebel, professor at the Tel Aviv University who specialises in the Roman empire.

“It’s not just about the Jews: it’s about the Romans; it’s about the whole Roman empire.”

Stiebel said the weapons were well preserved with their iron blades, sheaths and handles still intact.

“The fact that the climate is so arid and dry in the Judean desert enables us every now and then to discover such discoveries,” he said.

Archaeology is a highly political subject in Israel and the Palestinian territories, and some discoveries have been used to justify the territorial claims of each side.