People cast their ballots in the US midterm election at Wolverine Lake, Michigan, on November 8, 2022. Image Credit: AFP

WASHINGTON:  Americans headed to the polls on Tuesday in midterm elections in which Republicans are chasing a congressional majority that would paralyze President Joe Biden’s agenda and serve as a springboard for another White House run by Donald Trump.

Biden’s Democrats are facing a gargantuan struggle to hang on to Congress, after a race the president has cast as a “defining” moment for US democracy - while Trump’s Republicans campaigned hard on kitchen-table issues like inflation and crime.

“It’s Election Day, America,” the 79-year-old Biden tweeted as polling stations opened on the East Coast. “Make your voice heard today. Vote.”

At stake are all 435 seats in the House of Representatives, one-third of the Senate and a slew of state and local positions. Five states are holding referendums on abortion - California, Vermont, Kentucky, Montana and Michigan.

First results will begin trickling in after 7pm (0000 GMT) but with razor-thin margins in some key congressional races a full picture may not be available for days or even weeks, setting the stage for likely acrimonious challenges.

The bitter political divide in the country was on the minds of many voters as they cast their ballots.

“I hope that we’ll get a better mix of candidates and that both sides can actually work together to solve our issues instead of fighting against one another,” said Sarah Hunt, a 41-year-old teacher as she cast her ballot in New York.

“There’s so much polarization and misinformation that I’d like to make sure that my voice is heard,” said Robin Girdhar, a 61-year-old doctor at a polling station in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Trump - who has all but announced he will seek the White House again in 2024 - grabbed the election eve spotlight to flag “a big announcement” on November 15, while Biden made a final appeal to Democrats to turn out en masse.

“The power’s in your hands,” Biden told a rally near the capital. “We know in our bones that our democracy is at risk and we know that this is your moment to defend it.”

Polls show Republicans in line to seize the House, which would allow them to snarl the rest of Biden’s first term in aggressive investigations and opposition to spending plans.

Voters cast their ballots at the Paxico Community Senior Citizens Centrr on November 8, 2022 in Paxico, Kansas. Image Credit: AFP

‘Giant red wave’

Returning to the White House Monday night, Biden told reporters he believed Democrats would hold on to the Senate but it would be “tough” to retain the House and his life in Washington may become “more difficult.”

If both the House and Senate flip, Biden would be left as little more than a lame duck and his legislative agenda would be frozen.

That would raise questions over everything from climate crisis policies, which the president will be laying out at the COP27 conference in Egypt this week, to Ukraine, where Republicans are reluctant to maintain the current rate of US financial and military support.

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An influx of far-right Trump backers in Congress would also accelerate the shift that has been taking place inside the Republican Party since the former real estate tycoon stunned the world by defeating Hillary Clinton for the presidency in 2016.

Despite facing criminal probes over taking top secret documents from the White House and trying to overturn the 2020 election, Trump has been using the midterms to cement his status as the de facto Republican leader and presumptive presidential nominee.

In a typically dark, rambling speech to supporters in Dayton, Ohio, the 76-year-old Trump said, “if you support the decline and fall of America, then you must, you absolutely must vote for the radical left, crazy people.”

“If you want to stop the destruction of our country, then tomorrow you must vote Republican in a giant red wave,” he said - before teasing his 2024 announcement.

Across the country voters called on their fellow citizens to cast their ballot in the midterms, which historically have low turnout.

“Vote, vote, vote,” Luke Osuagwu, a 24-year-old student, told AFP in Atlanta, Georgia.

“Abortion is probably the biggest issue for me,” said Alexandra Ashley, a 30-year-old lawyer as she cast her vote in Pittsburgh. “I want to make sure it’s available for everybody and safe.”

Election workers process mail-in-ballots for the midterm elections in Philadelphia, on Nov. 8, 2022. Image Credit: AP

44 million early votes

More than 44 million ballots were cast through early voting options, meaning the outcome had already begun to take shape before election day.

Senate races in Pennsylvania, Nevada, Arizona, Georgia, Wisconsin, New Hampshire and Ohio are expected to be close and any one of them could swing the balance of power in the chamber.

Trump has already claimed - baselessly - that swing state Pennsylvania “rigged” the midterms - reprising his playbook from the 2020 election which he falsely asserted was stolen by Biden.

Citing growing support for voter conspiracy theories among Trump and his Republicans, as well as their push to curb abortion access, Biden has warned that democracy and basic rights are at stake on Tuesday.

Republicans have countered that a vote for Democrats means more soaring inflation and rising violent crime, seeking to make the midterms a referendum on the president.

The outcome will likely determine whether Biden, who turns 80 this month and is the oldest president ever, will seek a second term in 2024 - or step aside.

When we will know results?
Across the country, counting the midterm ballots could take longer than usual, experts warn, particularly in swing states with competitive races. The result: Americans might not know which party controls either chamber of Congress by the end of election night - or even longer.
Several factors could contribute to a delay in calling races: the length of time it will take for election officials in many states to tabulate mail and absentee ballots, the potential for runoffs in close contests, caution by media organizations about declaring winners and possible litigation that could draw out the process.
Officials nationwide have urged patience, saying the post-pandemic rise in mail voting, along with a shifting road map of disparate rules, continues to slow vote tallies. Add that to the traditional snags of human error and technical difficulties. Naming winners in the showdowns for 35 Senate seats and 435 House seats, along with 36 governors’ contests and a batch of state legislative races, could be a week-plus journey.
“It doesn’t mean anything nefarious is happening,” acting Pennsylvania secretary of state Leigh M. Chapman said of the potential wait.
Mail voting surged during the pandemic as Americans, particularly Democrats, opted to skip crowded polling sites. Voters have applied for fewer absentee ballots than they did two years ago as coronavirus guards have collectively lowered, experts say, but requests are still outpacing 2018.
States enforce varying due dates for those envelopes, along with different procedures for when they can be vetted and tallied. That leads to quick answers in places like Delaware, which counted 90 percent of its 2020 votes in about two hours, and extended uncertainty in places like California, where ballots postmarked by Election Day can be tallied until Nov. 15.
In a Wednesday speech, President Biden told Americans to expect delays, saying “it takes time to count all legitimate ballots in a legal and orderly manner.”
Most states allow election workers to start opening and vetting mail ballots before Election Day, but Republicans have opposed that speed-enhancing step in the battlegrounds of Wisconsin and Pennsylvania. Granting a head start would provide “an extra day to cheat,” one GOP lawmaker in Wisconsin said.
-- Washington Post