The Turkish central bank changed its reserve rules to boost credit growth amid signs of a deepening slowdown in the Middle East’s largest economy.
The lira reserve-requirement ratios have been reduced by 100 basis points for deposits and participation funds with maturities of up to a year and for other liabilities with maturities up to and including three years, and by 50 basis points for all other liabilities, the central bank said in a statement on Saturday. Banks will also now be able to hold 10 per cent of their reserve requirements in gold, rather than 5 per cent.
The changes came two days after Governor Murat Cetinkaya told state media he was considering adjustments to the lira’s liquidity. He lowered the reserve-requirement ratios for lira and foreign-exchange deposits last year when the currency was in free fall. This reduction is targeting credit growth rather than currency stability.
The Turkish economy is on track to cap 2018 with two consecutive quarters of contraction, a technical recession, in a sign the lira’s crash and the ensuing jump in borrowing costs were very damaging. The economy may shrink for three quarters in a row through June this year, according to forecasts compiled by Bloomberg. Turkey’s fourth-quarter gross-domestic product report will be released on March 11.