Women prays during the ecumenical prayer service at Ukrainian Catholic Cathedral, in London, on February 24, 2023, mark one year anniversary of war. Image Credit: AFP

KYIV, Ukraine: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky promised victory against Russia on Friday on the one-year anniversary of Europe’s largest conflict since World War II, as commemorations were held by Kyiv’s Western allies.

“We endured. We were not defeated. And we will do everything to gain victory this year,” Zelensky said in a statement released on social media.

“Ukraine has inspired the world. Ukraine has united the world,” Zelensky said.

A year ago to the day, Russian President Vladimir Putin stunned the world by sending troops across the border.

The year-long war has devastated swathes of Ukraine, displaced millions, and, according to Western sources, has caused more than 150,000 casualties on each side.

The West has imposed increasingly stringent sanctions on Russia and ramped up humanitarian aid and arms supplies for Ukraine, leading to warnings from Moscow of a dangerous escalation.

Zelensky sheds tears for the dead
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky marked the first anniversary of Russia’s war on Friday with a sombre message of defiance to his people and tears for the thousands of soldiers who have died.
On a cold, cloudy morning in Kyiv, the 45-year-old addressed members of Ukraine’s armed forces and a small gathering of dignitaries in St Sophia Square, next to the green- and gold-domed cathedral that is a symbol of the city’s resilience.
“I want to say to all of you who are fighting for Ukraine ... I am proud of you. We all, each and every one, are proud of you!” As he has done throughout the war, Zelenskiy showed his emotions in the 30-minute ceremony, holding back tears as he gave out Hero of Ukraine awards to troops - one of whom was on crutches - and to the mother of a soldier who had been killed.
He cried as a band played the national anthem. Those present bowed their heads during a minute’s silence.
Zelensky remains hugely popular in Ukraine, connecting with the population through daily messages filmed on a smartphone, and working to maintain international support through financial aid and weapons.
He recorded a special address of nearly 15 minutes titled “The Year of Invincibility” for the anniversary, in which he vowed to defeat the enemy.

The United States and its G7 allies on Friday planned to unveil a fresh package of sanctions, while US National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan said Washington would send Ukraine a new military aid package worth $2 billion.

This week, US President Joe Biden surprised the world by visiting Kyiv to pledge new arms deliveries.

“One year later, Kyiv stands. Ukraine stands,” he tweeted. “Democracy stands. America - and the world - stands with Ukraine.”

On Thursday, the United Nations voted overwhelmingly to demand Russia “immediately” and “unconditionally” withdraw its troops from Ukraine.

‘Direct dialogue’ call

In Paris, the Eiffel Tower was illuminated in the yellow and blue colours of the Ukrainian flag, while in London, MPs and diplomats will pray at a Ukrainian Catholic cathedral.

“People of Ukraine, France stands by your side. To solidarity. To victory. To peace,” French President Emmanuel Macron tweeted.

In Germany, Chancellor Olaf Scholz said Putin “will not reach his imperialistic goals”, while activists plan to put a Russian tank in front of Moscow’s embassy in Berlin.

Beijing, which has sought to position itself as a neutral party while maintaining close ties with Russia, called on both countries to hold peace talks as soon as possible in a 12-point paper published Friday.

“All parties should support Russia and Ukraine in working in the same direction and resuming direct dialogue as quickly as possible,” said the paper released on the foreign ministry’s website.

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Commander in Chief of the Ukrainian armed Forces Valerii Zaluzhnyi attends a ceremony dedicated to the first anniversary of the conflict. Image Credit: Reuters

’The most difficult year’

According to a recent Ukrainian poll, 17 per cent of respondents said they had lost a loved one in the war.

Around 95 per cent of Ukrainians say they are confident of Kyiv’s victory.

“This has been the most difficult year of my life and that of all Ukrainians,” Diana Shestakova, 23, said in Kyiv.

“I am sure that we will be victorious, but we don’t know how long we will have to wait.”

On the frontline in eastern Ukraine, Kyiv’s troops pledged to drive out Moscow’s forces.

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“God is helping us. Nobody thought that Ukraine would hold,” said a soldier who goes by the call sign “Cook”.

“I know that miracles happen,” said the soldier from the 95th Separate Air Assault Brigade in the eastern region of Donetsk.

The Russian assault was launched with the goal of a rapid conquest leading to capitulation and the installation of a pro-Moscow regime.

But Russian forces failed to conquer Kyiv and have since suffered defeats in northeastern and southern Ukraine.

Since October, Russia has pummelled Ukraine’s energy infrastructure, leading to power shortages that have left millions in the cold and dark.

‘Don’t see any future’

Despite sanctions, Putin, 70, has refused to back down, accusing the West of supporting neo-Nazi forces and claiming Russia’s survival was at stake.

In his state of the nation address on Tuesday, Putin vowed Moscow would keep fighting in Ukraine and suspended its participation in the last remaining arms control treaty between Russia and the United States.

“We are protecting people’s lives, our native home,” Putin said. “And the goal of the West is endless power.”

The Kremlin has been putting society on a war footing, with independent media banned and prominent critics jailed or pushed out of the country.

Putin’s assault on Ukraine and mobilisation of reservists have sparked what might be Russia’s largest mass exodus since the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917.