The Ayodhya dispute revolves around access to a site in Uttar Pradesh (UP) traditionally regarded among Hindus to be the birthplace of deity Ram, and whether a previous Hindu temple was demolished to create the Babri mosque there.

The Babri mosque was destroyed during a political rally which turned into a riot on December 6, 1992. A subsequent land title case was lodged in Allahabad High Court (HC), the verdict of which was pronounced on September 30, 2010.

In the landmark hearing, the three judges of Allahabad HC ruled that the 2.77 acres of Ayodhya land be divided into three parts, with one-third going to Ram Lalla or infant deity Ram represented by Hindu Maha Sabha for the construction of Ram temple, one-third going to Islamic Sunni Waqf Board and the remaining one-third going to a Hindu religious denomination ‘Nirmohi Akhara.’