Dubai: In a typical depressive episode, the person experiences loss of interest and reduced energy levels leading to diminished activity. Many people with depression also suffer from anxiety symptoms, disturbed sleep and appetite and may have feelings of guilt or low self-respect and poor concentration.

Depending on the number and severity of symptoms, a depressive episode can be categorised as mild, moderate, or severe — as stated by the World Health Organisation (WHO).

The reasons for depression could be many — trauma, grief, financial troubles or even the lack of specialists and hospitals dedicated to caring for psychiatric patients. It can be hard to pinpoint a specific cause.

Some patients also suffer from a bipolar mood disorder, which consists of both manic and depressive episodes. Manic episodes involve elevated or irritable mood, pressure of speech, inflated self-esteem and a decreased need for sleep.

The most drastic consequence of depression is suicide. Almost 1 million people take their own lives each year, according to WHO. For every one person who commits suicide, there are 20 or more who make an attempt.

The good news is that depression is treatable. But most people with depression do not receive the care and support they need. In some countries, one in 10 people have access to treatment. Treatment usually involves a combination of drugs, therapies and self help. Treatment is based on the type of depression you have.