Khalid Malakeh, 6, amid the rubble of his family house in the Zeitoun neighbourhood in Gaza City. The sign in Arabic reads: ‘House of martyr Mustafa Jamal Malakeh. Image Credit: AP

Occupied Jerusalem: The long-running conflict with Israel claimed the lives of more Palestinian civilians in 2014 than any year since 1967, the United Nations said Thursday, in a damning report on the humanitarian situation.

A report by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) entitled “Fragmented Lives” called for more restraint on both sides.

“All parties to the conflict... must fulfil their legal obligations to conduct hostilities in accordance with international law to ensure the protection of all civilians and to ensure accountability for acts committed,” it said.

“Palestinian civilians continue to be subject to threats to their life, physical safety and liberty,” with 2014 witnessing the “highest civilian death toll since 1967,” OCHA said.

“In the Gaza Strip, 1.8 million Palestinians endured the worst escalation of hostilities since 1967: over 1,500 Palestinian civilians were killed, more than 11,000 injured and some 100,000 remain displaced.”

More than 550 children were among the dead, it added.

The Palestinians are to sue Israel next month in the International Criminal Court for alleged war crimes as early as next month.

That could open up Hamas to criminal investigation as well.

In the West Bank and Occupied Jerusalem, 58 Palestinians were killed, mostly in clashes with Israeli forces, and more than 6,000 wounded.

Palestinian attacks on Israelis, including incidents in which cars ran into pedestrians in Occupied Jerusalem, killed 12 people.

Meanwhile, OCHA said “a record number of 1,215 Palestinians were displaced due to home demolitions,” adding that “settlement (colonial) activity continued, in contravention of international law, and contributed to humanitarian vulnerability of affected Palestinian communities.”

The international community urges Israel to halt Jewish colony building on occupied Palestinian territory, seeing it as an obstacle to peace.

Israel occupied the West Bank, the Gaza Strip in the 1967 war and unilaterally annexed east Jerusalem shortly after.