Israeli policemen detain a Palestinian at the Al Aqsa Mosque compound following clashes that erupted in Jerusalem on April 5, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

CAIRO/Jerusalem: The Arab League was to hold an emergency meeting on Wednesday afternoon over an Israeli police storming into the Al Aqsa mosque in Jerusalem.

Jordan had called for the meeting in coordination with Egypt and Palestinian officials. The Arab League earlier condemned the pre-dawn raid.

On Wesdesday early morning, Israeli police stormed the Al Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem’s Old City, firing stun grenades at Palestinians who hurled stones and firecrackers in a burst of violence. Palestinian militants in Gaza responded with rocket fire on southern Israel, prompting repeated Israeli airstrikes.

The UAE has strongly condemned the storming of Al Aqsa Mosque. The Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation issued a statement in which it reaffirmed the UAE’s position calling for the need to provide full protection for the Al Aqsa Mosque and halt serious and provocative Israeli violations.

The ministry underlined the importance of respecting Jordan’s role in sponsoring and caring for holy sites and Awqaf in accordance with the international law and the existing historical status of the city.

The ministry also reiterated the need not to harm the authority of the Jerusalem Awqaf department’s powers and the affairs of Al Aqsa Mosque.

It highlighted the importance of supporting all regional and international efforts to push forward the peace process in the Middle East and curbing illegitimate practices that threaten efforts aimed at reaching a two-state solution and establishment of an independent Palestinian state on the 1967 borders, with Eastern Jerusalem as its capitali .

Palestinian civil affairs minister Hussein Al Sheikh condemned the Israeli police action, saying “the level of brutality requires urgent Palestinian, Arab and international action”.

Jordan, which administers the mosque, condemned its “storming”, and called on Israeli forces to leave the compound immediately.

Saudi Arabia expressed its “categorical rejection” of actions that contradict “international principles and norms in respect of religious sanctities”.

Egypt, which has frequently mediated in the conflict, said it “holds Israel, the occupying power, responsible for this dangerous escalation which could undermine the truce efforts in which Egypt is engaged with its regional and international partners.

Turkey also denounced the clashes as “unacceptable”, saying they violated its “sacred” character.

“We condemn these attacks,” Turkish Foreign Minister Mevlut Cavusoglu said on the margins of a NATO gathering in Brussels.

“Normalisation with Israel has begun, but our commitment cannot be at the expense of the Palestinian cause and our principles,” he added, noting that “these attacks have exceeded the limit”.

Israeli security forces stand outside the Al Aqsa mosque as worshippers gather inside, early on April 5, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

The fighting, which comes as Muslims mark Ramadan and Jews prepare to begin the Passover festival, raised fears of a wider conflagration. By early morning, the Jerusalem compound, which is typically packed with worshippers during Ramadan, had quieted down.

The mosque sits in a hilltop compound sacred to both Jews and Muslims, and conflicting claims over it have spilled into violence before, including a bloody 11-day war between Israel and Hamas, the Islamic militant group that rules Gaza. Al Aqsa is the third-holiest site in Islam.

Further confrontation

Palestinian militant groups warned that further confrontation was coming, but a Palestinian official said the Palestinian Authority was in contact with officials in Egypt, Jordan, the United States and at the United Nations to de-escalate the situation. He spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to brief the media.

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said the country was working to “calm tensions” at the holy site.

People who were detained at the compound and later released said police used batons, chairs, rifles and whatever else they could find to strike Palestinians, including women and children, who responded by hurling stones and setting off firecrackers that they’d brought to evening prayers for fear of possible clashes. Outside the mosque’s gate, police dispersed crowds of young men with stun grenades and rubber bullets.

Medics from the Palestinian Red Crescent said that at least 50 people were injured. Israeli police said they were not immediately able to confirm the reports and videos showing officers beating Palestinians but said 350 were arrested. They added that one officer was injured in the leg.

Also read

Separately, the Israeli military said one soldier was shot and moderately wounded in the occupied West Bank.

UN Mideast envoy Tor Wennesland said he was “appalled by the images of violence” at Al Aqsa, condemning the beating and mass arrests of Palestinians as well as reports of Palestinians stockpiling firecrackers and rocks.

Crowds of Palestinians gathered around a police station in Jerusalem on Wednesday, waiting anxiously for their loved ones to trickle out of detention. Amin Risheq, a 19-year-old from east Jerusalem, said that after being beaten and forced to lay on the floor of the mosque with dozens of others, his hands zip-tied behind his back, he was taken to the police station where he said he did not have access to a toilet, medical attention or water for over six hours.

“They treated us like animals,” he said.

Since Ramadan began March 22, scores of Muslim worshippers have repeatedly tried to stay overnight in the mosque, a practice that is typically permitted only during the last 10 days of the monthlong holiday. Israeli police have entered nightly to evict the worshippers.

Tensions have been further heightened by calls from Jewish ultranationalists to carry out a ritual slaughter of a goat in the compound, as happened in ancient times.

Slaughter at site banned

Israel bars ritual slaughter on the site, but calls by Jewish extremists to revive the practice, including offers of cash rewards to anyone who even attempts to bring an animal into the compound, have amplified fears among Muslims that Israel is plotting to take over the site.

Netanyahu repeated Wednesday that he’s committed to preserving the longstanding arrangement at the compound. He described the worshippers who locked themselves in the mosque as “extremists” who prevented Muslims from entering the mosque peacefully.

Over a hundred religious Jews filtered through the site on Wednesday during regular morning visiting hours, as small crowds of Muslims gathered around them shouting, “God is greater!”

Jews are permitted to visit the compound, but not pray there, under longstanding agreements. But such visits, which have grown in numbers in recent years, have often raised tensions, particularly because some Jews are often seen quietly praying.

After some 80,000 worshippers attended evening prayers at the mosque on Tuesday, hundreds of Palestinians barricaded themselves inside overnight to pray. Some said they wanted to ensure religious Jews didn’t carry out animal sacrifices. After they refused to leave, Israeli police moved into the mosque.

Israeli security forces remove Palestinian worshippers sitting on the grounds of the Al Aqsa mosque compound in Jerusalem, early on April 5, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

Why did Israelis enter the mosque?

Israeli police said “several law-breaking youths and masked agitators” brought fireworks, sticks and stones into the mosque, chanting insults and locking the front doors. “After many and prolonged attempts to get them out by talking to no avail, police forces were forced to enter the compound,” police said.

Moayad Abu Mayaleh, 23, said he blocked a door of the mosque with hundreds of others to prevent the police from entering before they broke in.

“We can’t let them get away with this,” he said, shouting insults at Israeli police as he left the station.

In the occupied West Bank, the Palestinian leadership denounced the attack on the worshippers as a violation that “will lead to a large explosion.”

Palestinian medics check the damage at the first-aid room of the Al Aqsa mosque. Image Credit: AFP

Palestinian militants responded to the events by firing a barrage of rockets from Gaza into southern Israel, setting off air raid sirens in the region as residents prepared to begin the weeklong Passover holiday.

The Israeli military said a total of five rockets were fired, and all were intercepted. Israel responded with airstrikes that the army said hit Hamas weapons storage and manufacturing sites.

“We don’t want this to escalate,” said Lt. Col. Richard Hecht, an army spokesman. But he said that if the rocket fire persisted, “we will respond very aggressively.” 

Men clean the Al Aqsa mosque following clashes on April 5, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

The Palestinian militant groups Hamas and Islamic Jihad called for Palestinian residents of Jerusalem, the West Bank, and Israel to gather around the Al Aqsa Mosque and confront Israeli forces. Palestinians must be prepared “for the inevitable confrontation in the coming days,” said Ziyad al-Nakhala, leader of Islamic Jihad.

As violence unfolded in Jerusalem, the Israeli military reported fighting in a Palestinian town in the occupied West Bank. It said residents of Beit Umar, near the volatile city of Hebron, burned tires, hurled rocks and explosives at soldiers. It said one soldier was shot by armed suspects, who managed to flee.

It said later in the day that Palestinians opened fire at a checkpoint near the northern West Bank city of Jenin, leaving no casualties.