Chandrayaan 2, Modi
Prime Minister Narendra Modi consoles ISRO Chairman Kailasavadivoo Sivan as he got emotional after the Vikram lander connection was lost during soft landing of Chandrayaan 2 on lunar surface, in Bengaluru, Saturday, Sept. 7, 2019. Image Credit: PTI

In a series of tweets, the PM said that as important as the final result is the journey and the effort, so said Indian PM Narendra Modi, following a yet-unknown snag that cut communication between Isro's headquarters in Bengaluru and the Vikram lander early on Satuday. He was later seen comforting the dejected scientists who worked on the project.

"Our effort and journey to the moon was worth it. There will be a new dawn and a brighter tomorrow soon!" the Indian premier said on Saturday.

Modi addressed Indian scientists, lauding them for their efforts that make the country proud.

Meanwhile, ISRO Chief K Sivan called Modi a "source of inspiration".

He added that ISRO will try to establish a link for the next 14 days.

'95% of Chandrayaan-2 mission intact'

India's Vikram lander was really close to the Moon's surface on Friday night, after covering a distance of 384,400 km from the Earth following a lift-off on July 22 on the Chandrayaan spacecraft.

And then, in the early hours of Saturday, September 7, communication was lost between Isro's headquarters in Bengaluru and the lander during the 15-minute complex manoeuvre to guide it to a soft landing on the Lunar surface.

Vikram lander
This screen grab taken from a live webcast by Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) on August 6, 2019 shows Vikram Lander before it is supposed to land on the Moon. Image Credit: AFP

Indian space scientists are still analysing the data.

The Indian media reported the "setback" only as temporary and Indian PM Narendra Modi promised a "new dawn" in India's space programme.

Meanwhile, the The UAE Space Agency tweeted their full support to ISRO, while NASA commended the project.

Successful orbiter 

Yet, only 5 per cent of India's Lunar mission may have been "lost" — the Vikram the lander and Pragyan the rover.

The remaining 95 per cent, the much bigger "Chandrayaan 2" orbiter itself — is orbiting the moon successfully, according to an Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) scientist.

The fate and the status of Vikram India's moon lander remains unknown — whether it crash-landed or the communication link simply was cut — but all is not lost in terms of the overall Chandrayaan-2 mission.

Indian scientists are analysing data on Vikram and Pragyan.

"The Vikram lander descent was (ongoing) as planned and normal performance was observed," Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) chairman K. Sivan said in the control room at the southern city of Bangalore.

Commucation lost

"Subsequently the communication from lander to ground station was lost. The data is being analysed," he said.

Vikram landing
A live telecast of Vikram lunar module landing from the Chandrayaan 2 orbiter as seen from the Isro Telemetry, Tracking and Command Network (ISTRAC) in Bengaluru, on Saturday, September 7, 2019. Image Credit: PTI

But it was the final few minutes of powered descent of the Vikram moon lander, released by the Chandrayaan 2 orbiter, that the lander went through "15 minutes of terror".

Then at 2.1km from the Lunar surface, the lander lost contact with Isro, in the early hours of September 7.

The Isro chief broke down as PM Narendra Modi hugged him following the moon landing "glitch".

After Modi addressed the scientists early on Saturday morning, he reached out to Sivan to shake his hand but the scientists broke down — at which the PM hugged him with words of encouragement.

47-day space journey

After a 47-day journey and the anticipation of 1.35 billion people, India attempted to soft-land a probe on the Moon for the first time.

However, most of the mission remains intact.

"Only 5 per cent of the mission has been lost - Vikram the lander and Pragyan the rover - while the remaining 95 per cent - that is the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter - is orbiting the moon successfully," an official of Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro).

PM Narendra Modi, who witnessed the attempted landing, spoke to the Isro team and said the nation is proud of them. He addressed India's scientists.

Till date, only three countries — Russia, the US and China—have successfully soft-landed on the Moon.

Chandrayaan-2 mission
The Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft comprised three segments - the Orbiter (weighing 2,379 kg, with eight payloads), 'Vikram' (1,471 kg, with four payloads) and 'Pragyan' (27 kg, with two payloads).

On July 22, the Rs 978 crore ($136.4 million) Chandrayaan-2 mission was launched into space by India's heavy lift rocket Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle-Mark III GSLV Mk III with textbook success.

Inside the ISRO control room, Modi interacted with scientists and congratulated them for their efforts.

He said: "It was not a small achievement and the country is proud of you. Be courageous."

In a tweet early on Saturday, Modi said: "India is proud of our scientists! They’ve given their best and have always made India proud. These are moments to be courageous, and courageous we will be! Chairman @isro gave updates on Chandrayaan-2. We remain hopeful and will continue working hard on our space programme."