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Dubai: Media have overhyped suicide rates connected to the Blue Whale and Momo Challenge games and it's distracting parents from the real issues of child safety online, according to experts in the UAE.

The games that supposedly lure children to perform a series of dangerous tasks before ultimately committing suicide, are just an urban myth that have been exaggerated by the media, claims Mohammad Mustafa Saidalavi, the chief operating officer of Emirates Safer internet Society (Esafe).

“It’s a moral panic for an issue that doesn’t exist,” he said. “Yes, there are challenge cults that vulnerable children may get easily lured towards, but in terms of anyone committing suicide from these games, it’s a big no.

Maybe one child might have committed suicide in Russia and the police there have blamed it on this game, but the media have turned it into something it’s not.

- Mohammad Mustafa Saidalavi

“The worry is, if we keep having to report these games are fake every time a new one crops up, parents might actually start to think that when we talk about the real issues, they are also fake.

“We are desensitising the real issues of grooming, cyber bullying and sexual extortion that genuinely are a very big issue.

“We need to stop treating our children as fools and stop spreading false information. This is not the thing that needs to be worried about.”

Ali Al Amadi, the chairman of the Emirates Information Security Awareness Committee, and the chief executive officer of Ebdaa cyber security firm who sit on the committee under the UAE’s Telecomms Regulatory Authority, agreed.

“It seems it’s a hoax and is just diverting attention from the actual issue,” he said.

“The problem is so much focus is given to the game and trying to understand how it works that parents and cyber safety groups are forgetting the real issue of why do kids even seek these things out in the first place. They’ve also forgotten that there are so many other dangers online.

“Regardless of whether it’s a hoax or not, we are losing the main focus, which is the actual problem and addressing the actual risk.

“If you asked Dubai Police about actual cases related to kids online, I would think the number one problem would be cyber blackmail and cyber bullying.

“We’ve had such cases where predators pretend to be kids on social media to become friends with other kids. Luckily we live in a safe country where it doesn’t lead to kidnap or a kid getting hurt or hurting themselves, but it is dangerous and you never know, a kid might accept and go and meet these people, it can happen.”

Importantly, Al Amadi doesn’t rule out all games as hoaxes and because of this uncertainty and the threat of genuine ones perhaps emerging, he doesn’t even mention the games in front of children, when giving talks to students at schools, in case they then go and seek them out.

“I do mention them to the parents though, and I encourage the parents to play these games with their kids for them to quickly establish which ones are suitable and which ones are not. It will be obvious when they see for themselves.”

Although blocked in the UAE, he says children can quickly get around restrictions to download these games, especially via android phones, which enable you to download from outside the App Store. iPhones need to be jailbroken to download the games from outside of the store, but, he warns, children can quickly find ways to do that. Links to games can also be obtained through social media messages.

And while remaining sceptical on the power of certain games that allegedly lead children to self-harm, he says it’s better to be wary, while not being blinded of more genuine risks. Just in case he advises children not to send pictures or personal information through such games, which was the requirement of one game recently doing the rounds called Mariam.

Five tips to keep your kids safe online

1. Talk to your kids, maintain a free and open relationship where they can come to you if there’s a problem

2. Use parental controls, all devices have these

3. Give them technology appropriate to their age and have an agreed screentime limit

4. Don’t punish them, they will make mistakes and if you overreact they won’t come to you again if there’s a problem

5. Monitor them but only up to a certain age, and tell them you are monitoring and why, but stop when they become teenagers otherwise they will find ways to hide things from you.