This must have been the moment he was waiting for: An energetic handshake with United States President Donald Trump, with a smile and a deep look into his eyes to top it off. The two men seemed to be sealing a fresh pact. Cameras flashed, capturing the important moment for newspapers and history books — the five seconds that made Giuseppe Conte a part of world politics.
The US president welcomed the Italian prime minister at the White House. For Conte, the invitation is, as he said during their joint news conference, “a sign of the special attention to Italy”. “And to me as well,” the Italian leader added after a short pause.
That sentence says a lot. It’s an indication of how Conte feels on the home front. Overlooked. Overshadowed. After all, Italian media reports mostly focus on Interior Minister Matteo Salvini, who repeatedly grabs the attention with xenophobic remarks. It almost seems as if Salvini, not Conte, is the one running the government.
In Washington, Trump and Conte demonstrated harmony. Their meeting was a win-win situation: The Italian showed himself off as a statesman, while the American gained an ally. Conte is now Trump’s man in Europe. His best friend on a Continent he just called an enemy. A new axis seems is emerging: Washington-Rome. One that could counter the old Berlin-Paris axis — a partnership against the dominance of Germany and France, of German Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron.
“We’re partners now,” Trump said.
Trump and Conte have a lot in common. They both have a Russia-friendly policy and are sceptical of European sanctions. They don’t think much of free trade: Trump grumbles about Nafta, while Conte has spoken against Ceta, a trade deal between the European Union (EU) and Canada. And they both stand for a tough immigration policy. Recently, Trump separated families who had crossed the Mexican border illegally. Over the past couple of weeks, the government in Rome has prevented several ships carrying rescued refugees from entering Italian ports.
“I really, honestly, believe the prime minister is going to do a tremendous job,” Trump said of Conte. “I hope more leaders will follow this example, including leaders in Europe,” he added, in what was perhaps a reference to Chancellor Merkel, whose refugee policy the US president finds too liberal. Conte may prove to be useful here. Trump is the first American president since the end of the Second World War who wants a weak, rather than strong, Europe. Conte, it seems, shares this goal. And Italy is not just any country on the Continent: It’s a founding member of the EU and the third largest economy in the Eurozone. Rome, therefore, does have influence and can hamper European integration in many respects.
So far, the Italians haven’t met the powerful in Berlin and Paris entirely at eye level — but now they have Trump at their side. During the meeting, he drew several parallels between himself and Conte. Both are political outsiders and stand for change in their countries, the US president said. And they fought against the same challenge, namely to protect their citizens from terrorism and “uncontrolled” immigration. The Italian people have borne a large part of the European burden in the refugee crisis. “There’s so many things that bring us together,” Conte said, before adding that Italy and the United States are almost like “twin countries.”
But what is Trump hoping to gain by allying himself with Conte and thus pushing forward a fragmentation of the EU? Above all, advantage in trade policy. So far, the US government has had to negotiate its contracts with the EU Commission — which is very self-confident, since Europe is an important market for American companies. If Trump could sign agreements with individual European countries instead, he would probably be able to impose significantly tougher conditions on them. For a president who sees the world through the eyes of a businessman, this is an important point.
Initially, things were good between Trump and Macron. Now Conte has replaced the Frenchman. A few weeks ago, at the G-7 Summit in Canada, it was clear for the first time that the two were like peas in a pod. It was there that Trump proposed bringing Russia back into the group, after it was expelled in 2014 following the annexation of Crimea, in violation of international law. Everyone was outraged, except for one: Conte.
Merkel and Macron were quickly able to talk the Italian out of the idea — after all, he had only been in office for a few days, at that time. But it’s quite possible that those times are now over. And that Conte, now that the alliance with Trump is solidifying, no longer listens so quickly to his fellow Europeans.
— Worldcrunch, in partnership with Die Welt/New York Times New Sevice
Stefan Beutelsbacher is a columnist. He is also the US business correspondent for Die Welt, Germany’s national daily.