A view of the section of Hadrian's Wall near the wall's milecastle 39 known as Sycamore Gap near Hexham, northern England, on January 19, 2022. The Sycamore Gap tree stood proudly in northeast England next to Hadrian’s Wall, an ancient boundary that once divided Roman Britannia and Caledonia. Image Credit: AFP

On September 28, the UK lost two national treasures. One was Michael Gambon, the actor who played Dumbledore in the Harry Potter movies, who died at 82 after a bout of pneumonia. The other was a tree.

The Sycamore Gap tree stood proudly in northeast England next to Hadrian’s Wall, an ancient boundary that once divided Roman Britannia and Caledonia. Framed beautifully by rising hillsides, the sycamore was likely one of the most photographed natural landmarks in the UK, if not the world. It even had a starring role in the 1991 movie Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves. But on the morning of September 28, the tree was found in two pieces. It had been felled overnight in what the police believe was a deliberate act of vandalism.

Outpouring of grief and anger

It has rightly been met with an outpouring of grief and anger. We have yet to find out who committed the act or why, though a 16-year-old boy was arrested. There are two things we should take away from the tragedy, though. The first is a reminder of nature’s importance in our lives. The second is a call to action: Nature’s decline in the country goes far beyond Sycamore Gap.

Reading the messages of those mourning the tree, it’s clear just how much it means to people. Some proposed to their partners there. Others scattered the ashes of their loved ones nearby. For some, it was a place of healing after long illnesses and times of stress or simply the background for many happy memories with friends and family. This isn’t unique to Sycamore Gap or the UK. Trees have given meaning to humanity for millennia, whether the holy banyans in India, Japan’s shinboku or the sacred groves found around the globe.

Police stand near the Sycamore Gap tree that was felled, in Northumberland, Britain, September 28, 2023. The police believe was a deliberate act of vandalism.

Immersion in nature has been proven time and again to benefit our mental and physical well-being. A study of 20,000 people by researchers at the University of Exeter found that people who spent two hours a week in green spaces were substantially more likely to report good health than those who didn’t. The psychological welfare of a population is linked to its proximity to nature and trees in both urban and rural settings. Research has linked experiences in nature with happiness, social cohesion, a sense of meaning, cognitive function, impulse inhibition and children’s school performance. So it’s no wonder we are drawn to places like Sycamore Gap.

Unfortunately, the same day of the massacre of the tree, a new report detailing the state of Britain’s natural landscapes was published. It should provoke the same emotional outpouring.

The study found that the UK is one of the most nature-depleted nations in the world. One in six species are at risk of extinction. Forty-three per cent of British birds are threatened, with skylarks dropping 59 per cent in abundance since monitoring began in 1970. Pollinating insects, such as bees, have decreased by 18 per cent on average, while more than half of our flowering plants, mosses and relatives have disappeared from areas where they used to thrive. It’s a sobering assessment of a countryside struggling with the effects of intensive farming, unsustainable fishing practices and climate change. Indeed, it’s worth noting that the butchered sycamore tree, a non-native species, once stood among many others.

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Unfortunately, such depletion is repeated across the world. The stock of natural capital per person declined by nearly 40 per cent between 1992 and 2014, while produced capital per person doubled.

Now, I could talk about the importance of nature to economies and its place in the fight against the climate crisis. But, ultimately, people aren’t drawn to spend time or locate significant life events at Sycamore Gap or places like it because of its carbon sequestration properties or financial contribution to the UK. They do so because nature is beautiful and makes us feel good. Let that be reason enough to preserve, protect and restore our wild spaces.

— Bloomberg

Lara Williams is a Bloomberg Opinion columnist covering climate change.