Brussels: Euro-area core inflation re-accelerated in June, a setback for the European Central Bank that may reinforce its determination to raise interest rates next month.
The measure of underlying consumer-price gains, which excludes items like fuel and food, came in at 5.4 per cent - just below the median estimate in a Bloomberg survey of economists - as the cost of services picked up markedly.
The deterioration may eclipse an improvement in the headline inflation gauge. That moderated noticeably to 5.5 per cent from 6.1 per cent, reaching the lowest level since before the war in Ukraine broke out, after energy costs fell.
The data, released hours before numbers that may show the US Federal Reserve’s preferred price metrics stayed elevated in May, illustrates the continued slog for global central bankers.
Frankfurt policymakers’ tightening campaign will soon mark its first anniversary. Another rate increase in July is a “fait accompli,” according to ECB Vice President Luis de Guindos, who says the prospect of a move at the subsequent meeting in September is an open question.
“While we do not currently see a wage-price spiral or a de-anchoring of expectations, the longer inflation remains above target, the greater such risks become,” the institution’s president, Christine Lagarde, said Tuesday. “We need to bring inflation back to our 2 per cent medium-term target in a timely manner.”
That’s an aim that has eluded Lagarde and her colleagues, with only patchy success so far.
National numbers this week from across the 20-member euro area showed Spanish inflation below the ECB’s 2 per cent target, while France, Italy and the Netherlands all saw a retreat, albeit well above the goal.
But German consumer-price growth quickened to 6.8 per cent, driven largely by an ultra cheap public-transport ticket the government offered last year to help citizens deal with surging energy costs.
That stoked a pickup in services inflation there, feeding an acceleration across the region. The euro-zone measure of price growth in that category quickened to 5.4 per cent in June from 5 per cent the prior month.
With inflation initially driven by shocks including the pandemic and Russia’s war in Ukraine, concerns now center around strong demand for services such as travel, and accelerating wage gains to make up for lost income.
Such worries are increasingly troubling policymakers after a historic tightening campaign that has seen 400 basis points of hikes in borrowing costs.
Several officials speaking at the ECB’s annual retreat in Sintra, Portugal this week underscored their focus on underlying inflation, saying that a slowdown must materialize before they can pause rate increases.
Another hike beyond July would bring the ECB’s deposit rate to 4 per cent. Officials have also said that once borrowing costs reach a peak, they will stay there for an extended period to get consumer price pressures under control.