Washington: The US labour-market rebound slowed markedly in November, indicating the surge in Covid-19 cases is hitting workers and curbing the broader economic recovery.
Nonfarm payrolls increased by 245,000 from the prior month and the unemployment rate edged down to 6.7%, the Labor Department said Friday. The data also showed a worrisome decline in Americans participating in the labor force, as more people left jobs and the workforce altogether.
Job gains missed economists' estimates and partly reflected a decline of 93,000 temporary workers who had been hired for the decennial census.
The faint pulse raises odds the chances that President-elect Joe Biden will inherit an even weaker labor market next year, with the recovery at risk of stalling during the wait for widespread vaccine distribution. With almost 4 million Americans enduring long-term joblessness, the report may also help push Congress to pass new fiscal aid by year-end and could make Federal Reserve officials more inclined to provide new stimulus when they meet Dec. 15-16.
US stocks closed at a record, while 10-year Treasury yields climbed to the highest since March.
"You are seeing the impact of the pandemic surge here," Jeffrey Rosenberg, senior portfolio manager at BlackRock Inc., said on Bloomberg Television. "The market reaction is really looking through this to the policy response."C hicago Fed President Charles Evans said the report was "a little disappointing."
"The disappointing payroll gain - at least relative to consensus - is a negative signal for growth prospects, but could perversely have a positive economic effect in terms of focusing fiscal negotiations toward the urgent need for substantial additional stimulus." said Bloomberg's Economists Carl Riccadonna, Yelena Shulyatyeva and Andrew Husby.
The employment report is a mid-month snapshot, so jobs lost amid new restrictions and lockdowns put into place in the weeks since won't be reflected until December's data.
Not only did payroll gains come in below estimates, but hiring was concentrated in fewer industries, with the shift to online shopping this holiday season accounting for an outsize portion.
Transportation and warehousing added 145,000 workers - the most since 1997 - reflecting jumps in couriers and warehouse workers. Retail employment fell by 34,700, reflecting less seasonal hiring than normal in some sectors.
Leisure and hospitality jobs rose by 31,000 following a 270,000 gain in October. Job growth slowed in a variety of sectors including manufacturing, construction, professional and business services, and health care.
Though effective vaccines could be rolled out as soon as this month, economic headwinds are likely to keep mounting before Biden's Jan. 20 inauguration. The virus is raging uncontrolled with more than 1 million new cases each week, jobless benefits run out soon for millions of Americans, and some federal protections for renters and homeowners are due to expire.
Biden said Friday Congress must act immediately to provide more aid as millions have lost work or had hours slashed, noting the jobless rate decline was driven by more Americans leaving the labor force.
"This is a dire jobs report," Biden said in Wilmington, Delaware. "It shows an economy that's stalling and we remain in the midst of one of the worst economic and job crises in modern history, but it doesn't have to stay that way - if we act now."
While prospects are growing for lawmakers to approve another stimulus package by year-end, it's unclear whether negotiations that have been unsuccessful for months could conclude with agreement.
The gain leaves employment 9.8 million below pre-pandemic levels, and many Americans have been jobless since losing work in March and April.