auto ferrari
During his stint as CEO, Camilleri oversaw the transformation of Ferrari into a fully-fledged luxury brand. He revamped Ferrari's lineup so it could keep boosting prices. Image Credit: AFP

Ferrari has started to search for a new chief executive officer to resolve its second leadership crisis in as many years after Louis Camilleri abruptly resigned, complicating the Italian supercar maker's transition toward electric mobility.

Ferrari has scheduled a board meeting next week to discuss the replacement process, according to people familiar with the matter. Chairman John Elkann will for now take the role on an interim basis. He has to find a new leader just 30 months after picking Camilleri to succeed Sergio Marchionne, who died in July 2018 from complications after a surgery.

Chief Marketing and Commercial Officer Enrico Galliera is among the potential internal candidates after leading Ferrari's sales efforts for the past decade, the people said, declining to be named because the deliberations are private. A spokesman for Ferrari declined to comment.

Camilleri, 65, is leaving after he had to be hospitalized for Covid-19. He's recovering at home and the infection wasn't the main reason for his exit, a company spokesman said, without elaborating. Camilleri also stepped down as chairman of Philip Morris International Inc.

His departure comes at a difficult time for the former unit of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV. The coronavirus pandemic has depressed auto sales just as the industry is shifting away from the internal combustion engine - a key feature of the high-powered Ferrari cars.

Whoever becomes new CEO will have "big shoes to fill," Angus Tweedie, an analyst at Citigroup, said in a note. He pointed to questions about whether the company can achieve its 2022 profitability targets, roll out new models including the PuroSangue SUV and shift the supercar maker toward an emissions-free fleet.

Camilleri was a Ferrari board member when he took over as CEO from Marchionne, who died within days of being replaced. Marchionne orchestrated Ferrari's 2016 spin-off from Fiat Chrysler, where he also served as CEO.

Ferrari has managed the pandemic better than expected, fielding orders for its six- and seven-figure supercars at rates similar to last year, the company said in November.

During his stint as CEO, Camilleri oversaw the transformation of Ferrari into a fully-fledged luxury brand. He revamped Ferrari's lineup so it could keep boosting prices. The company introduced five new models in 2019, which helped increase annual sales to more than 10,000 units for the first time.

"Louis showed an unswerving sense of responsibility ensuring continuity for our organization, while guiding Ferrari into the future with an ambitious and far-sighted strategic plan," Elkann said in a letter to workers.

Exor NV, the investment company for the Agnelli family, controls Ferrari with 36% of its voting rights and a direct 23% stake. The supercar maker was listed in New York in 2015.

Elkann, the scion of the Agnelli family, is set to become chairman of Stellantis, the company which will start its operations next year following the combination of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles NV with Peugeot-maker PSA Group.

One looming question for Camilleri's successor is how Ferrari will cope with more stringent emissions regulations in the European Union and other markets. While the company has said that 60% of its models will have a hybrid powertrain by 2022, Camilleri has expressed doubts the brand would go fully electric.

Emissions Pressure

He recently criticized European environmental regulations that aim to cut transport emissions by penalizing the sale of vehicles with particularly inefficient engines, saying they fail to take into account how infrequently some are driven.

"If you take a V-12 Ferrari that only runs 3,000 kilometers a year, probably it has less emissions than a very small car that runs every day," he said during an investor call last month.

At Philip Morris, his exit triggered an orderly succession plan that's been in place for some time, the company said. The tobacco company's CEO Andre Calantzopoulos will become executive chairman right before the annual shareholders meeting in May, it said.

Lucio Noto, the company's independent presiding director, will serve as interim chair in the meantime. Chief Operating Officer Jacek Olczak will succeed Calantzopoulos as CEO when he takes the chairman spot.

The tobacco giant has long been a sponsor of Ferrari's Formula One racing teams, but Camilleri had no direct automotive experience, which made him a somewhat controversial pick to run one of the world's pre-eminent car brands.