April 13, 1975

In retaliation for the attempted assassination of Pierre Gemayel, Phalangists launch an attack on a bus carrying Palestinian passengers which sparks citywide clashes marking the beginning of the civil war

October 25, 1975

50,000 Lebanese demonstrate against the continuing violence in the country

December 6, 1975

Four members of the Phalangist party are assassinated resulting in street fights that kills innocent victims in Beirut

18 January 18, 1976

Christian forces take over Karantina, a Muslim quarter in Beirut which kills more than 1,000 people. This is followed by a retaliatory strike on Damour by Palestinians and leftist Muslims avenging the Katarina massacre by Christian forces on January 20, 1976

June 1, 1976

Syrian troops enter Lebanon in hope of restoring peace

August 12, 1976

Lebanese forces launch an assault taking over the Tel Al Zaatar Palestinian camp that killed about 2,000 people and injured many

October 1976

• Arab strike force is formed to combat and repress party that violates the ceasefire

• Battle of Aishiya takes place where PLO (Palestine Liberation Organisation) and communist militia attack Aishiya, an isolated Christian village

March 14, 1978

Israel invades South Lebanon

March 19, 1978

UN Security Council adopts Resolution 425 calling for the withdrawal of Israel from South Lebanon. Israel withdraws later in 1978

June 1982

Israel troops invade South Lebanon

August 1982

International intervention occurs wherein multinational forces land in Beirut to oversee the PLO withdrawal from Lebanon and the evacuation of Syrian troops and PLO fighters from Beirut

September 14, 1982

Lebanese President-elect Bashir Gemayel is assassinated at his headquarters in East Beirut

September 15, 1982

Christian forces attack Palestinian camps of Sabra and Shatila killing more than 2,000 Palestinian civilians

April 18, 1983

Bomb explodes at the US Embassy in Beirut killing 63

May 17, 1983

Lebanese-Israeli agreement, sponsored by US that calls on the withdrawal of Israel that was conditioned on the departure of Syrian troops, is signed

October 23, 1983

Suicide bomber attacks the US Marine and French Paratrooper barracks leaving 298 people dead

June 6, 1985

Israel completes its withdrawal from South Lebanon

June 1, 1987

Lebanese Prime Minister Rashid Karami was assassinated

September 22, 1988

Ameen Gemayel ends presidency without a successor. Lebanon is ruled under two governments — military government under Gen. Michel Aoun and a civil government headed by Salim Al Hoss, a Sunni Muslim.

March 14, 1989

Gen. Michel Aoun declares a ‘war of Liberation’ against the Syrian occupation.

September 22, 1989

The Taif agreement takes place in Saudi Arabia. Under the leadership of Rafik Hariri, laying the groundwork to end the civil war. The Christians lose their majority in parliament and settle for a 50-50 split with Muslims.

November 22, 1989

President-elect Rene Muawad is assassinated. Elias Harawi takes over and Gen Emile Lahoud replaces Gen Michel Aoun.

October 13, 1990

Michel Aoun exiled in Paris. This marks the end of the Lebanese Civil war; it is s estimated between 15,000 and 200,000 people, mostly civilians, died in the war.

— Compiled by Gulf News Archives