A new year is upon us, yet the siege on the Gaza Strip persists, only to be interrupted by a massive war, like the one of 2014, or a less destructive one, similar to the latest Israeli onslaught in November. And with each war, more dismal statistics are produced, more lives shattered, and more painful stories told and retold.
In 2012, a United Nations report indicated that Gaza will become unlivable in 2020. When the report was first released, many had hoped that the unprecedented and grim warning by the world’s largest international body would create the needed momentum to push Israel to end its hermetic siege.
Nothing followed that report, however, except a tighter siege, accompanied by several wars that killed and wounded thousands. And now, 2020 has arrived where nearly 2 million people are still incarcerated in the “world’s largest open-air prison”, the uninhabitable Gaza Strip.
For years, civil society groups across the world laboured to destabilise this horrific status quo. They rallied, held vigils, wrote letters to their political representatives and so on. To no avail. Frustrated by government inaction, a group of activists sailed to Gaza in a small boat in August 2008, succeeding in doing what the United Nations has failed to do: they broke, however fleetingly, the Israeli siege on the impoverished Strip.
By the end of 2017, 53 per cent of Gaza’s population lived in poverty, two-thirds living in “deep poverty”. This appalling number includes over 400,000 children.
This symbolic action of the Free Gaza movement had a tremendous impact. It sent a clear message to Palestinians in occupied Palestine: that their fate is not only determined by the Israeli government and military machine; that there are other actors who are capable of challenging the dreadful silence of the international community; and that not all Westerners are as complicit as their governments in the prolonged suffering of the Palestinian people.
Since then, many more solidarity missions have attempted to follow suit, coming across the sea atop flotillas or in large caravans through the Sinai desert. Some have successfully reached Gaza, delivering medical aid and other supplies. The majority, however, were sent back or had their boats hijacked in international waters by the Israeli navy.
Second Palestinian Intifada
The outcome of all of this has been the writing of a new chapter of solidarity with the Palestinian people that went beyond the occasional demonstration and the typical signing of a petition.
The second Palestinian Intifada, the uprising of 2002, had already redefined the role of the “activist” in Palestine. The formation of the International Solidarity Movement (ISM) allowed thousands of international activists from around the world to participate in “direct action” in Palestine, thus fulfilling, however symbolically, a role that is typically played by a United Nations protective force.
ISM activists, however, employed non-violent means of registering civil society’s rejection of the Israeli occupation. Expectedly, Israel did not honour the fact that many of these activists came from countries deemed “friendly” by Tel Aviv’s standards. The killing of US and British nationals Rachel Corrie and Tom Hurndall in Gaza in 2003 and 2004 respectively, was just the precursor of Israeli violence that was to follow.
In May 2010, the Israeli navy attacked the Freedom Flotilla consisting of the Turkish-owned ship MV Mavi Marmara and others, killing ten unarmed humanitarian workers and wounding at least 50 more.
It must be understood that Israeli violence is not random nor merely a reflection of Israel’s notoriety and disregard of international and humanitarian law. With every violent episode, Israel hopes to dissuade outside actors from getting involved in “Israeli affairs”. Yet, time and again, the solidarity movement returns with a defiant message, insisting that no country, not even Israel, has the right to commit war crimes with impunity.
Following a recent meeting in the Dutch city of Rotterdam, the International Coalition of the Freedom Flotilla, which consists of many international groups, has decided to, once more, sail to Gaza. The solidarity mission is scheduled for the summer of 2020, and, like most of the 35 previous attempts, the Flotilla is likely to be intercepted by the Israeli navy. Yet, another attempt will likely follow, and many more, until the Gaza siege is completely lifted. It has become clear that the purpose of these humanitarian missions is not to deliver a few medical supplies to the nearly two million besieged Gazans, but to challenge the Israeli narrative that has turned the occupation and isolation of Palestinians to a status quo ante, to an “Israeli affair”.
According to the United Nations Office in Occupied Palestine, the poverty rate in Gaza seems to be increasing at an alarming speed of 2 per cent per year. By the end of 2017, 53 per cent of Gaza’s population lived in poverty, two-thirds living in “deep poverty”. This appalling number includes over 400,000 children.
An image, a video, a chart or a social media post can never convey the pain of 400,000 children, who experience hunger every day of their lives in order for the Israeli government to achieve its military and political designs in Gaza.
True solidarity should aim at forcing Israel to end the protracted occupation and siege on the Palestinian people, by sailing the high seas, if necessary. Thankfully, the good activists of the Freedom Flotilla are doing just that.
— Ramzy Baroud is a journalist and the editor of The Palestine Chronicle. He is the author of five books. His latest is These Chains Will Be Broken: Palestinian Stories of Struggle and Defiance in Israeli Prisons.