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When is Ramadan in 2021?

The first day of Ramadan is traditionally marked by the sighting of the crescent moon with the naked eye, and is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar.

According to the calculations of Ibrahim Al Jarwan, Member of the Arab Union for astronomy and Space sciences, the first day of Ramadan is most likely to fall on April 13, with UAE residents having to observe 14 hours of fasting.

On the first day of Ramadan, the timing for imsak – when Muslims have to stop eating and begin their fast – will be at 4.27 am, with Maghrib prayers at 6.41 pm.

Click here to find out when the prayer timings are during Ramadan 

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What is Ramadan all about?

Ramadan is regarded as the most special month of the year for Muslims, as it was the month in which the Quran was revealed to Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) on the night of Laylat Al Qadr, one of the last ten nights of Ramadan.

The annual observance of Ramadan is considered one of the 'Five Pillars of Islam'.

How long does it last?

Ramadan lasts for one complete moon cycle, which is usually 29 or 30 days. The moon sighting determines the duration. Nowadays, astronomical calculations have started taking precedence over the age-old tradition of moon sighting by the naked eye to determine the dates.

How do we know when it starts?

A moon-sighting committee in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, will make an official announcement. The UAE will usually always follow Saudi Arabia's call on when the first day of Ramadan is.

Why Saudi Arabia?

Makkah is considered the holiest city in Islam. Not only was it the birthplace of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH), but also the location where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) had his first revelation of the Quran. Because of this, the rest of the Islamic world follow Saudi Arabia’s announcement.

How do you greet each other?

Greet people by saying “Ramadan Kareem”. This roughly translates into “Happy Ramadan”.

Or you can take the greetings online by using the hashtag #RamadanKareem

How do Muslims observe Ramadan?

Adult Muslims are required to fast from dawn to dusk every day throughout Ramadan. Those who are ill, elderly, diabetic, pregnant, menstruating, or breastfeeding are not required to fast. Those who travel or are unwell during the period of Ramadan may fast on different days at a later point. Children are not required to fast unless they have reached puberty, although many still do out of choice.

In addition to abstaining from eating, drinking, and smoking, Muslims also refrain from sexual relations as well as sinful speech and behaviour.

During Ramadan, Muslims pray 'Taraweeh' and 'Qiyam Lail' every night for 30 days, reciting different chapters each day until the Quran is completed by Eid Al Fitr. The Taraweeh prayers take place after Isha prayers mid-evening. And Qiyam Lail will take place after midnight and before Fajr prayers. 

Why is there a fast involved?

Fasting redirects the heart away from distractions, with its purpose being to cleanse the soul by freeing it from impurities. Ramadan is also a time for Muslims to practice self-discipline, sacrifice, and empathy for those less fortunate. It encourages generosity and charity.

When do Muslims end their fast?

Fast may be broken at sunset before Maghrib prayers after ‘Azaan’ (call for prayers). This occurs just after sunset. Dates are traditionally the first food to be eaten each evening. The fast-ending meal is called Iftar.

When does fasting start?

Each morning before sunrise, Muslims engage in a pre-fast meal called 'suhour'. Afterwards, they start with the Fajr prayers.

What comes after Ramadan?

Ramadan ends after 29 or 30 days. Eid Al Fitr is the annual three-day celebration after the last day of Ramadan and it is considered a public holiday period. The government will announce the exact holiday dates nearer the time.

Do non-Muslims have to fast?

No. Non-Muslims do not have to fast, however, it remains important to show respect and follow basic etiquette in daily behaviour.

Basic Ramadan etiquette

Do not eat, drink, or smoke in public during the fasting hours. This includes chewing gum.

Do not engage in public displays of affection, like hugging or kissing.

Do not engage in any aggressive behaviour.

Do not dance or play music in public. You may listen to music quietly with headphones.

Do not wear inappropriate clothing in public. Dress respectfully. Men should avoid wearing sleeveless tops, while women should cover their shoulders and knees.

Do not swear.

Where can you eat, drink, or smoke?

If you are not fasting, then you are free to eat and drink in the privacy of your own home, as well as in designated areas. Ask your employer where you can eat your lunch. The same goes with smoking.

Some restaurants and cafes will be open during the day. You are free to frequent these. Food can be taken away and consumed in private.

What are the working hours?

The standard work-day is typically reduced by two hours for all employees across private sectors in the UAE, regardless of whether you are observing Ramadan or not.

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Do kids have to go to school?

Yes. Things will run almost as they normally would, except that the school timings will be shorter. Private schools in Dubai have the flexibility to decide when to start and end the school day. Sharjah schools should also offer classes between 3 to 5 hours and should not start before 9am. Schools should also reduce homework, projects and tests if needed to ensure these timings and working hours are maintained, it said.

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Giving to charity

Ramadan is a charitable time, and giving to those less fortunate will be greatly appreciated. Since COVID-19, many rules have changed regarding donations. Instead of donating food yourself, many charities will organise COVID-19 compliant donations, to which you can contribute to online. 

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