Eid Al Adha explainer
What is Eid Al Adha
Eid Al Adha is one of the two festivals of Islam and is celebrated by all Muslims on the 10th day of Dhu Al Hijja.
What do Muslims do?
The Muslim festival Eid Al Adha marks the conclusion of the important worship of Hajj or pilgrimage to Makkah.
At the end of the Hajj, Muslims throughout the world celebrate the holiday of Eid Al Adha (Festival of Sacrifice).
During the Hajj, Muslims remember the trials and triumphs of the Prophet Abraham. The Qur'an describes Abraham (PBUH) as follows:
One of Abraham's main trials was to face the command of God to kill his only son. Upon hearing this command, he prepared to submit to Godis will. When he was all prepared to do it, God revealed to him that his "sacrifice" had already been fulfilled. He had shown that his love for his Lord superceded all others, that he would lay down his own life or the lives of those dear to him in order to submit to God.
So why do Muslims sacrifice an animal on this day?
During the celebration of Eid Al Adha, Muslims commemorate Abraham's trials, by slaughtering an animal such as a camel, sheep or goat. This action is very often misunderstood by those outside the faith.
The meat from the sacrifice of Eid Al Adha is mostly given away to those who are more needy, so you are actually feeding the poor.
The act symbolizes our willingness to give up things that are of benefit to us or close to our hearts. It also symbolises our willingness to give up some of our own bounties, in order to strengthen ties of friendship and help those who are in need.
Duties: What Muslims should do on Eid Al Adha
On the day of Eid, there are some things that Muslims should do in keeping with the Prophet Mohammad's (PBUH) Sunnah.
Wake up early
Have breakfast on Eid Al Adha before leaving for prayer ground to perform the Eid prayers.
Appear in the best clean clothes that a Muslim can afford to that are reasonable and modest.
It is recommended to go early to the prayer place. Offer the Eid prayers in congregation in an open place.
Generosity reflects the true spirit of Eid
Wish every one the joy of Eid by shaking hands and embracing and saying "Eid Mubarak" (May You have a Blessed Eid), or "Eid Saeed" (May you have a Happy Eid).
It is also a good Islamic practice to visit one another and exchange gifts.
Remember the true spirit of Eid is reflected in extreme generosity to the poor and the needy. So a Muslim should be charitable as best as he or she can.
Arafat Day explainer
What is Arafat day?
Taking place roughly 70 days after the end of Ramadan, Arafat Day marks the second day of Hajj, or pilgrimage.
The occasion also marks the day when a verse of the Quran revealed that Islam was perfected, and when Allah’s blessings were completed.
Mount Arafat is the site where Prophet Mohammad (PBUH) gave his farewell sermon. Arafat day occurs the day before the start of Eid Al Adha, expected to be on August 11 (Sunday) this year.
When is it?
Arafat day falls on the ninth day of Dhu Al Hijja according to the 'hijri' calendar. It occurs around over two months after Ramadan, which was observed in June earlier this year.
What is done?
At dawn on Arafat Day, many Muslims travel from Mina to Mount Arafat, which is just outside of Makkah. They remain on Mount Arafat until Maghrib prayers. The distance between Mina and Mount Arafat is about 20km.
To complete the Hajj, Muslims must stand on Mount Arafat, or the pilgrimage becomes invalid. Muslims who have completed the Hajj do so to have their sins expiated. Those who are unable to travel to Makkah for Hajj may fast instead.