Here are some common words and phrases in Arabic that are often used during the month of Ramadan.
1. Ramadan Kareem
Both 'Ramadan Kareem' and ‘Ramadan Mubarak’ are common expressions used during the month of Ramadan. Both mean “have a blessed or generous Ramadan”.
Did you know that the appropriate response to 'Ramadan Kareem' is ‘Allahu Akram’? It means “God is much more generous”.
2. As-salamu Alaikum
This is a widely used Arabic greeting, which means “peace be upon you,” and it is very common in the Middle East to extend hospitality and friendship. It can be used when entering a home, office or even supermarket. The phrase is not specific to any religion. This greeting can be used by both men and women, accompanied by a hug, a handshake, or two kisses.
This means "God willing" or "if God wills" commonly used by Muslims and Arabic speakers of different religions. Use this phrase when you plan something and want it to work out, but know that it will only happen if God wills it.
Example: "Will you be coming over for Iftar tomorrow night?"
It means "what Allah wants, He gives" or "God has willed" and used often upon hearing good news. Muslims, even non-Arabs, use this phrase to greet friends or family when they have been blessed with something and sometimes overused.
Example: "You're eyes are so pretty Masha'Allah"
5. Emta El Maghreb?
The phrase you will most likely hear all day while people are fasting, which means "What time will the maghreb prayers take place?"
The fourth formal daily prayer takes place just after sunset. Iftar literally means “break fast” and marks the end of the day of fasting.
Each morning before sunrise, Muslims engage in a pre-fast meal called 'suhour'. Afterwards, they start their fast with the Fajr prayers. Suhoor is usually made up of breakfast food to keep you energised throughout the day.
In order to inquire whether someone is taking part in Ramadan, some Muslims will ask "Are you fasting?"
These are the night time prayers performed during this month. Tawarwih prayers are not compulsory, but they are performed by many Muslims.
9. Eid Mubarak
Eid means a Muslim festival or celebration and Mubarak means blessed. Together it means blessed celebration and used as a greeting to mark the end of the month of Ramadan where a three-day festivity follows.
10. Allahu Akbar
This means "God is the greatest". This is the first phrase spoken in the call for prayer and our Muslim friends use it when they agree with something they hear or when they see something beautiful.
Other words you can use:
Hello - Marhaba
Please - Law samaht
Thank you - Shukran
Goodbye - Maa’ assalama
Yes - Na’am
No - La
Excuse me- Afwan, Itha samaht
One - Wahid
Two - Ethnin
Three - Thalatha
Four - Arba'a
Five - Khamsa
Six - Setta
Seven - Saba'a
Eight - Thamaneya
Nine - Tes'a
Ten - Ashara