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(L to R) Ofer Cassif, Jewish member and candidate for the Hadash (Democratic Front for Peace and Equality) party that is part of the Joint List alliance, applauds with Heba Yazbak, member and candidate for the Balad (National Democratic Alliance) party as Osama Saadi, member and candidate for the Arab Movement for Change (Taal) party raises his hands together with Balad party member and candidate Mtanes Shehadeh, Hadash's chairman and candidate Ayman Odeh, Taal's leader and candidate Ahmad Tibi, Hadash's member and candidate Aida Touma, and the Islamic Movement's member and candidate Iman Khatib Yassin before supporters at the alliance's campaign headquarters in the northern Israeli city of Nazareth on September 17, 2019, as the first exit polls are announced on television. Image Credit: AFP

Occupied Jerusalem: The Arab/Palestinian bloc in Israel’s parliament abandoned its usual hands-off stance Sunday and endorsed former military chief Benny Gantz for prime minister, potentially giving him the edge over hard-line incumbent Benjamin Netanyahu.

The historic move marked the first time in nearly three decades that the Palestinian parties backed a candidate for prime minster, reflecting their contempt for Netanyahu, who was accused of fomenting hatred of the Palestinians during his re-election campaign.

“Benny Gantz is not our cup of tea,” said Palestinian lawmaker Ahmad Tibi.

“But we promised our constituents that we would do everything to topple Netanyahu, and the default here is recommending Benny Gantz.”

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Gantz Image Credit: AP

It will be up to Israeli President Reuven Rivlin to decide which candidate should be given the chance to form a coalition government and serve as prime minister - a usually pro forma task made difficult this time by last week’s deadlocked parliamentary elections.

Neither Gantz, the leader of the centrist Blue and White party, nor Netanyahu, head of the conservative Likud movement, has a majority in the 120-seat Knesset, or 61 members. But with the backing of the Palestinian parties, Gantz gained a slight advantage. He could have as many as 57 backers, compared with Netanyahu’s 55.

Maverick politician Avigdor Lieberman, head of the mid-size Yisrael Beitenu party, controls the final eight seats, making him the key powerbroker.

But he announced Sunday that he isn’t endorsing either candidate.

Turning point

The endorsement by the Joint List, a bloc of four small Palestinian parties that controls 13 seats, marked a turning point in Israeli politics.

Palestinian parties have traditionally refrained from endorsing a candidate for prime minister, and they have never sat in a coalition government, not wanting to be seen as legitimizing Israeli policies.

Although many Israeli Palestinians remain angry at Gantz for leading the military’s devastating war against Gaza militants in 2014, their fury toward Netanyahu runs much deeper.

Netanyahu’s campaign repeatedly accused the Palestinians of trying to “steal” the election, drawing accusations of racism and incitement.

There is also deep-seated anger over a law passed by Netanyahu’s government in 2018 that declared Israel to be the nation-state of the Jewish people.

Palestinians believe the law codifies discrimination.

Though the Palestinian parties are still expected to stay out of Gantz’s future government, their endorsement reflects a growing desire of Israel’s large Palestinian minority to take a more active role in shaping the country.

‘Palestinians have a place here’

In an op-ed piece in The New York Times, Ayman Odeh, the leader of the Joint List, argued that his move should end Netanyahu’s political career and provide a watershed moment for Israel’s Palestinian minority.

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Ayman Odeh Image Credit: NYT

“If the center-left parties of Israel believe that Palestinian citizens of Israel have a place in this country, they must accept that we have a place in its politics,” he wrote. “There is no shared future without the full and equal participation of Palestinian Palestinian citizens.”

Netanyahu reacted by saying: “As we warned, the Palestinian parties that oppose Israel as a Jewish and democratic state and glorify terrorists recommended Gantz for prime minister.”

The Palestinian parties’ decision does not guarantee Gantz will be prime minister.

The president usually appoints the candidate with the most supporters, but not necessarily. Rivlin has wide discretion.

In last week’s vote, Blue and White won 33 seats, while Likud took 31.

The deciding factor looks to be Lieberman, who is demanding a broad unity government with the two major parties that will be secular and exclude the ultra-Orthodox Jewish parties and Palestinians. That appears to be the compromise emerging between Blue and White and Likud, though both are insisting upon leading it.

Complicating matters is Blue and White’s refusal to sit with Netanyahu because he faces a likely indictment on corruption charges.

Odeh said he is planning on becoming opposition leader in the case of a unity government.

As the leader of the largest party in opposition, he would be entitled to the position, which includes meetings with visiting world leaders and access to sensitive security information.

Rivlin has not indicated which way he is leading.

But he said he interpreted the will of the people as yearning for a “stable” government.

“And there can’t be a stable government without the two big parties,” the 80-year-old president said.

Netanyahu poll gamble fails

Last week’s vote was Israel’s second election in five months. Netanyahu was unable to form a coalition after April’s balloting.

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Netanyahu Image Credit: Reuters

In calling a new election, Netanyahu had hoped to secure a narrow majority of hard-line and religious parties that would grant him immunity from prosecution on charges that could include bribery, breach of trust and fraud.

But now that possibility appears to be off the table.

Israeli law does not require a sitting premier to resign if indicted. But if he is charged, as is widely expected, he will come under heavy pressure to step down.