India became the latest epicentre of the nervousness sweeping risky assets as stocks, bonds and the rupee fell. Goldman Sachs Group says emerging-market currencies, which dropped all but one day this month, are undervalued, while Nomura Holdings Inc. warns investors not to lump all developing nations together.
The rupee sank as much as 1.3 per cent, while stocks dropped the most since March and bonds fell to the lowest level since 2014. Turkey’s lira also weakened, pushing the benchmark MSCI index of currencies close to dropping below its 200-week moving average for the first time since early 2017. South Africa’s rand bucked the retreat, extending its advance to a third day.
Though India’s current-account deficit was narrower than expected, the fact that it widened at all — it was the biggest shortfall in five years — rattled traders.
The government has asked the central bank to bolster efforts to support the rupee, Asia’s worst-performing currency of the past month, people familiar with the matter said.
Investors are concerned about countries with unsustainable current-account and fiscal deficits as well as accelerating inflation and higher-than-average foreign ownership of domestic debt, according to State Street Global Advisors. These are the markets that are “more prone to global mood swings,” said Abhishek Kumar, the London-based sector head for emerging markets, fixed-income beta.
The world’s developing economies have been reeling this year from a combination of escalating trade tensions, the gradual end of central-bank policy accommodation and a raft of idiosyncratic risks from contentious elections in Brazil to controversial land-reform measures in South Africa.
The rout has pushed emerging-market currencies into undervalued territory, especially the real, the rand and ruble, according to Goldman Sachs analysts Mark Ozerov and Kamakshya Trivedi. They also singled out the Mexican peso, even though the currency is the only gainer among developing-nation peers so far this year.
Nomura is calling for investors to differentiate between economies across emerging markets. Analysts including Robert Subbaraman, the Singapore-based head of emerging-markets economics, used an early-warning model to show that seven nations — Sri Lanka, South Africa, Argentina, Pakistan, Egypt, Turkey and Ukraine — are at risk of an exchange-rate crisis, five of which are already in turmoil. South Africa and Pakistan are the standouts.
That leaves a long list of countries with “very low risk” of a full-blown crisis, the analysts said. “As investors focus more on EM risk it is important not to lump all EMs together as one homogeneous group.”