Washington, Ottawa, Mexico City
The Trump administration reiterated its goal to reduce the trade deficit with its Nafta partners in revised negotiating objectives, while adding in proposals it made during talks that were opposed by Canada and Mexico.
The US wants reciprocal market access for manufactured goods as part of its push to improve its trade balance with Canada and Mexico, the office of the US Trade Representative said Friday in updating its objectives for negotiating the North American Free Trade Agreement. The government must keep Congress informed of its plans under a law that gives the administration the authority to negotiate trade deals.
The US had a $63 billion trade deficit in goods and services with Mexico last year, and a $7.7 billion surplus with Canada, according to US government figures. The parties are meeting through Nov. 21 in Mexico City for the fifth round of talks, which began in August at the insistence of the Trump administration.
The new version of US objectives puts into ink several demands already reported to have been made in recent rounds. That includes provisions to seek what had been considered effectively a sunset clause — though the US called it Friday “a mechanism for ensuring that the parties assess the benefits of the agreement on a periodic basis” and didn’t specify any proposal for automatic termination — and to essentially make certain dispute panels non-binding.
The objectives reiterated the US wants to eliminate chapter 19 of the agreement, which empowers bi-national panels of judges to review cases in which companies are accused of selling their products below fair value, or of receiving unfair subsidies.
The latest version also says the US wants “reciprocity” in procurement with Canada and Mexico, essentially confirming a demand that would claw back access to the US market.
It takes aim at Canadian dairy in particular, saying the US wants to kill Canada’s tariffs on poultry, dairy and eggs, a measure that would effectively dismantle Canada’s system of supply management that would be fiercely opposed by the government.
It calls for the US to keep “non-conforming” measures for long-haul trucking that could curtail Mexican access to the US, and includes several new demands on the chapter in investment and competition.
The objectives also insert language about increasing transparency in “import and export licensing procedures” and cracking down on “import and export monopolies” to prevent trade distortions, as top line goals for improving America’s goods trade-deficit.
USTR first published its negotiating goals on July 17 before official three-way talks began.