Occupied Jerusalem: The Israeli air force has successfully tested an upgraded version of its “Iron Dome” missile defence system, the defence ministry said on Sunday.

“This test constitutes a new success in the project to strengthen the Iron Dome’s performance,” Defence Minister Ehud Barak said in a statement.

“Israel has invested an enormous budget to finance the different missile defence systems that should allow us to protect the whole of our territory within a few years,” he added.

Israeli television said the latest version of the Iron Dome is designed to intercept medium-range missiles, such as those possessed by Syria and the Lebanese Hezbollah group.

The first Iron Dome battery was installed in March 2011 near Beersheba in the Naqab desert region, 40 kilometres from the Gaza Strip, and has intercepted more than 100 rockets since then.

Southern Israel is regularly targeted by rocket attacks from Palestinian Hamas-controlled Gaza, to which it often responds with air raids.

Each battery has radar detection and tracking system, a firing control system and three launchers for 20 interception missiles. They have a range of four to 70 kilometres.

Military experts say 13 batteries are needed to defend the whole of what they described as Israel’s territory, an arsenal that will take several years to build up. Israel says it has invested $1 billion (Dh3.67 billion) in the project.

Each time an Iron Dome battery is fired, it costs almost $50,000, according to media reports.

The Iron Dome system is developed by Rafael Advanced Defence Systems, a public arms company based in the northern town of Haifa, and part-funded by the United States.

The Israeli missile defence programme includes other systems, including Arrow, which is for ballistic missiles, and David’s Sling, for medium-range attacks.