United Nations - The UN envoy for Yemen called Friday for the urgent deployment of UN monitors to observe the implementation of a cease-fire in the strategic port city of Hodeida and the withdrawal of rival forces - a potential breakthrough in Yemen’s four-year civil war.
Martin Griffiths told the Security Council that a speedy presence in the field is “an essential part of the confidence” needed to accompany implementation of Thursday’s agreement between Yemen’s government and Al Houthi militia reached after eight days of negotiations in Sweden.
Griffiths said in a video briefing from Amman that Dutch Maj. Gen. Patrick Cammaert will lead the monitoring mission and could be in the region “as soon as the middle of next week.”
While calling the achievements at the talks “a significant step forward,” Griffiths also urged caution saying “what’s in front of us is a daunting task ... and the hard work is only about to begin.”
The conflict in Yemen began with the 2014 takeover of the capital, Sana’a, by Iranian-backed Al Houthi rebels, who toppled the legitimate government of Abd Rabbo Mansour Hadi. A Saudi-led coalition allied with Yemen’s internationally recognised government has been fighting Al Houthis since 2015.
The conflict has killed over 10,000 people, created the world’s worst humanitarian crisis and brought the country to the brink of famine. Fighting has recently intensified near the port of Hodeida, the “lifeline” for the delivery of 70 per cent of Yemen’s humanitarian aid and imports including desperately needed food and fuel.
Griffiths said the “ghastly prospect” of famine has made solving the fighting in Hodeida “both urgent and necessary.”
UN humanitarian chief Mark Lowcock told the council after chairing a meeting with the heads of key UN and humanitarian agencies earlier Friday that “the good news we have heard this week has not yet had any material impact on the millions of people who need assistance.”
He said the results of the latest analysis of the crisis “decisively confirm Yemen’s descent toward famine,” with more than 20 million people - two-thirds of the population - hungry and in need of aid. This includes for the first time 250,000 people facing “catastrophe,” which is defined as “starvation, death and destitution,” he said.
Lowcock called for greater access for aid workers, increased humanitarian funding, and billions of dollars to stabilize Yemen’s economy.
Griffiths said the cease-fire agreement in the province of Hodeida, which entered into force upon its publication Thursday, includes “phased but rapid mutual withdrawals from both the three Hodeida ports and the city.”
It also gives the UN a leading role in managing and carrying out inspections at the ports of Hodeida, Saleef and Ras Eisa which must “happen within days,” he said.
The government and Al Houthis also reached “a mutual understanding to ease the situation in Taiz” and open humanitarian corridors for people and goods to cross the front lines and reduce fighting in the province, Griffiths said.
Britain has drafted a resolution on Yemen, and UK Ambassador Karen Pierce said she will work “expeditiously” with council colleagues to revise it to endorse the agreements reached in Sweden, support their implementation, address the monitoring requirements, “and set out urgent next steps.”
“We have no time to lose,” Pierce said. “We need to bring about tangible improvements for the people of Yemen and we need to do that as swiftly as we can.”
US Ambassador Nikki Haley said pictures of suffering Yemenis and babies starving to death demand “that we take action to hold all the warring parties accountable,” address “the Iranian aggression at the root of the crisis,” and deliver life-saving assistance.
Haley said the Security Council “must be ready to act if one or more of the parties fails to follow through” on implementation.
Looking ahead, Griffiths said both sides agreed to meet again at the end of January and discuss his framework for a political solution to the war that will restore peace to Yemen. He noted that Al Houthis “are in agreement with the general tenor of all its elements” while the government has some reservations.
The UN envoy responded to people who question whether the parties can be trusted to implement the agreements made in Sweden by saying there are different views.
“My own is that this is not about whether we can trust one or the other on this or that commitment,” Griffiths said. “This is about helping them both to make it happen and reporting on their success, and noting those areas where they fall short of that.”
He stressed that “verification is the key to building trust.”
Griffiths quoted Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom who said after Thursday’s announcement of the agreements that “no longer can Yemen be considered a forgotten war.”
“And now we can begin to hope for a track that may indeed lead to its early resolution,” Griffiths added.