A displaced Iraqi girl who lost her limb as well as members of her immediate family in fighting between government forces and Daesh terrorists in Mosul, at a camp in Hammam Al Alil. Image Credit: AFP

Baghdad: The UN children’s agency warns that the children in Mosul are bearing the brunt of the intensified fight between US-backed government forces and Daesh in the city’s western half.

In a statement issued on Monday, the Unicef Representative in Iraq, Peter Hawkins, says the agency is receiving “alarming reports” of civilians being killed, including children, with some caught in the crossfire while trying to flee.

Hawkins didn’t give a specific number for killed children.

He estimated that 100,000 girls and boys are still in the Daesh-held Old City neighbourhood and other areas, living in extremely dangerous conditions. He called on the warring parties to “protect the children and keep them out of harm’s way at all times, in line with their obligations under humanitarian law.”

Last week, Reuters reported dozens of civilians were killed while fleeing Mosul.

The dead included men, women and children. Bags in which they had carried their belongings were strewn around the road leading out of the Zanjili district, one of three still in the hands of Daesh in Mosul.

“Over the past two days ISIS [Daseh] has been shooting people escaping this area,” said Dave Eubank from the Free Burma Rangers relief association, speaking from a building overlooking the frontline in Zanjili.

“I saw over 50 dead bodies yesterday, we worked with the Americans to get smoke and an Iraqi tank, and followed behind them and we rescued one little girl and one man,” he told Reuters.

“But there are still more.” Hundreds of others managed to reach the government lines, some wounded and some carrying apparently dead bodies in blankets, crying and shouting. A man carried an unconscious child.

From a building close to the spot where the civilians were killed, a man could be seen hiding behind a wall, trying to find a way out with the help of an Iraqi soldier who came to the rescue.

A young man said he was wounded in the hand a few days ago when an aistrike hit a group of civilians collecting water because a Daesh terrorist was hiding among them.

“We were a group of 200-250 civilians, a Daesh came in among us and the aviator hit us, we were all hurt but he (the militant) escaped,” he said.

Iraqi government forces retook eastern Mosul in January and began a new push on May 27 to capture the remaining Islamic State-held enclave in the western side of the city, where about 200,000 people are trapped in harrowing conditions.

The Mosul offensive started in October with air and ground support from a US-led international coalition. It has taken much longer than expected.

The fall of Mosul would, in effect, mark the end of the Iraqi half of the so-called “caliphate” declared in 2014 over parts of Iraq and Syria by Daesh leader Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi.

About 700,000 people, about a third of the pre-war population of Mosul, have already fled, seeking refuge either with friends and relatives or in camps.

In Syria, Kurdish forces backed by US-air strikes are besieging Daesh forces in the city of Raqqa, the terrorists’ de facto capital in that country.