oil tanker oil refinery Chernomortransneft Russia oil
An oil tanker is moored at the Sheskharis complex, part of Chernomortransneft JSC, a subsidiary of Transneft PJSC, in Novorossiysk, Russia, Tuesday, Oct. 11, 2022, one of the largest facilities for oil and petroleum products in southern Russia. The European Union reached a deal Friday for a $60-per-barrel price cap on Russian oil, a key step as Western sanctions aim to reorder the global oil market to prevent price spikes and starve President Vladimir Putin of funding for his war in Ukraine. (AP Photo, File) Image Credit: AP


  • Expectations of tighter oil supply, China demand cushion falls .
  • Move by Fed to raise rates could lift US dollar. 

Oil prices fell for a third trading session on Wednesday on expectations the U.S. Federal Reserve will indicate later in the day that interest rates are set to rise more, stoking concerns of lower global economic growth and demand for fuel.

Brent crude futures for April delivery fell 30 cents to $82.75 a barrel by 0721 GMT after recording a 1.2 per cent decline on Tuesday. West Texas Intermediate (WTI) crude futures for April dropped by 38 cents to $75.98 a barrel. The March WTI contract expired on Tuesday down 18 cents.

The US Fed will release the minutes of its latest meeting on Wednesday, which will give traders a glimpse of how high officials are projecting interest rates will go after recent data showed stronger-than-expected U.S. employment and consumer prices.

Effect of higher interest rates

Higher interest rates tend to lift the dollar, making dollar-denominated oil more expensive for holders of other currencies.

Other economic reports from the U.S., the world's biggest oil consumer, showed some troubling signs however. Sales of existing homes fell in January to their lowest since October 2010, the 12th monthly drop, which is the longest streak since 1999.

"Growing recessionary concerns are keeping a lid on oil prices, but the market is cautiously optimistic on China's demand recovery especially in gasoline and jet fuel," said Vortexa's head of APAC analysis Serena Huang.

A preliminary Reuters analyst poll on Tuesday also showed a rise in U.S. crude inventories, exacerbating the demand worries.

Tigher global supplies expected

However, expectations of tighter global supplies and rising demand from China cushioned the overall price weakness. Analysts expect China's oil imports to hit a record high in 2023 to meet increased demand for transportation fuel and as new refineries come on stream.

This comes as China expects its tourism market to flourish this year, starting with a busy and robust summer travel season as travellers flock to vacation destinations after the government ended its zero-COVID policy that kept people home for almost three years.

In a note on Wednesday, Daniel Hynes, senior commodity strategist at ANZ Bank pointed to state-owned PetroChina and Unipec booking 10 supertankers to import oil from the U.S. next month, equal to about 20 million barrels of crude, as signs of rising Chinese demand. China is the world's largest oil importer.