Mumbai: Opinion is unanimous that India should spend its way out of the current crisis, but it’s the question of “how” that divides the room. Former central bank governor Duvvuri Subbarao is the latest to weigh in with an argument against fiscal excesses.
Subbarao says acting on calls for the Reserve Bank of India to directly fund the government’s borrowing will dent the central bank’s credibility and boost the case for a rating downgrade. Instead, he suggests India should commit a pre-determined amount of additional borrowing and plan to reverse the action once the crisis blows over.
“Global markets are much less forgiving of unconventional policies by emerging market central banks,” he wrote in an article in the “Financial Times” to support his case. “Only such explicitly affirmed fiscal restraint can retain market confidence in an emerging economy.”
Subbarao’s argument is in contrast to his predecessors. Chakravarthy Rangarajan, a former RBI governor, favors the RBI directly buying the government’s debt. “A large borrowing in a short time cannot be managed without monetizing.”
However, Subbarao seeks to differentiate between such actions by developed countries and emerging economies.
“Rich countries can afford to throw the kitchen sink at the crisis because they have the firepower and they issue debt in currencies that others crave,” Subbarao wrote. “But with their already parlous fiscal positions and nonconvertible currencies, emerging markets don’t have that luxury.”
India has already missed budget deficit targets for three straight years, and has pegged the shortfall for the current year at 3.5 per cent of gross domestic product instead of the 3 per cent mandated by law.