sudan lpg
People wait for a new shipment of liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) cylinders in the city of Gadaref, the capital of Sudan's eastern state of Gadaref, on June 26, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

Fierce fighting between Sudan’s army and a rival paramilitary group persists in the capital, Khartoum, as efforts to end their 10-week power struggle founder, while a rebel group known as the SPLM-N has opened up a new front in the conflict.

A large SPLM-N force has mobilised in the South Kordofan region and is hampering efforts by the Sudanese Armed Forces, led by Abdel Fattah Al Burhan, to gain the upper hand in its battle with the paramilitary Rapid Support Forces, according to witnesses and internal United Nations documents.

Some of the worst clashes in recent days have focused on the southern town of Kadugli close to the South Sudanese border and surrounding settlements where the rebels attacked army positions. The military responded by firing heavy artillery.

“We always knew this war would escalate and escalate fast. Now, it has reached South Kordofan, soon it may well be Abyei and other conflict-prone areas,” said Kholood Khair, founding director at Confluence Advisory, a think tank focused on Sudan. “This war has reignited existing conflicts that had to some degree become dormant.”

The army accused the SPLM-N of attacking its troops in Kadugli, while the RSF said the army had conducted air strikes, including one that struck a mosque and killed innocent civilians. Bloomberg couldn’t immediately verify either claim.

The SPLM-N’s sole objective is to achieve self-determination in areas under its control, and its attempt to capitalize on the army’s vulnerability may end up inadvertently aiding the RSF, according to Khair.

Stop-start peace talks that had re-convened in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, again faltered this week, US Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs Molly Phee told a House Foreign Affairs Subcommittee hearing on Thursday.

Representatives from the warring military factions hastily left a June 21 meeting when it became clear negotiations weren’t feasible, two people briefed on the proceedings said.

The UN’s World Food Programme said more than 500,000 people have fled Sudan since the conflict began, while at least 2 million have been internally displaced. Administrative barriers, theft and looting by both sides in the conflict have made it almost impossible to deliver supplies to hospitals and thousands of injured people, according to aid groups. “Armed groups have looted MSF facilities and beaten and violently threatened staff,” MA(c)decins Sans FrontiAres said in a statement this week. “MSF’s Sudanese staff in particular have faced traumatic threats during looting, all while trying to provide medical care to their fellow Sudanese.”

The UN children’s fund estimates that more than 300 children have died in the fighting so far. Gender-based violence has also become more prevalent in recent weeks.

In Darfur, there have been ongoing reports of ethnic-based attacks as thousands of civilians flee the conflict. Homes abandoned by non-Arab Masalit communities have now been occupied by Arab communities, a sign of ethnic cleansing, the UN said this week.