Beirut: Al Qaida’s Syrian offshoot on Wednesday made an oath of loyalty to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant at a key town on the Iraqi border, a monitor said.

The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights said the merger is significant because it opens the way for Isil to take control of both sides of the border at Albu Kamal in Syria and Al Qaim in Iraq, where the jihadist group has led a major offensive this month.

After months of clashes between the two sides, Al Qaida’s official Syrian arm the Al Nusra Front “pledged loyalty to Isil” in Albu Kamal, said Observatory director Rami Abdul Rahman.

“The pledge comes amid advances by Isil in Deir Al Zor province” in eastern Syria on the Iraqi border, Abdul Rahman told AFP.

An Isil jihadist confirmed the reports on Twitter, and posted a photograph showing an Egyptian Al Nusra Front commander shaking hands with a Isil leader of Chechen origin.

Although both Isil and the Al Nusra Front are rooted in Al Qaida, the two have been rivals for much of the time that Isil has been involved in Syria’s civil war since spring last year.

“They are rivals, but both groups are jihadist and extremists. This move will create tension now with other rebel groups, including Islamists, in the area,” said Abdul Rahman.

An activist in Albu Kamal told AFP via the Internet that “there is a lot of tension, and the situation is only going to get worse.”

Using a pseudonym for security reasons, Hadi Salameh also said the merger “will cause a big problem with the local tribes, who will not welcome this change.”

Another activist said the merger comes days after local rebel brigades who had been working with Al Nusra Front signed a declaration excluding the official Al Qaida branch from the Islamic court, which acts as the de facto power in many rebel areas of Syria.

“The loyalty oath (to Isil) comes after tension between Al Nusra and the local rebels,” said the activist, Abdul Salam Al Hussain.

Meanwhile, the Syrian air force carried out air raids targeting Isil-controlled Raqa in the north of the country and Muhassen in the east.

President Bashar Al Assad’s regime has rarely targeted Isil bastions, except in recent days after the group and other Sunni militants launched an offensive in Iraq, wresting control of Mosul and other pars of Iraq.

Isil aspires to create an Islamic state that straddles Iraq and Syria.