Malaysian opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim answers journalists' questions after casting his vote at a polling station in Seberang Perai, Penang state, Malaysia, Saturday, Nov. 19, 2022. Malaysians began casting ballots Saturday in a tightly contested national election that will determine whether the country's longest-ruling coalition can make a comeback after its electoral defeat four years ago. Image Credit: AP

KUALA LUMPUR:  The coalition of Malaysia’s opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim was running neck and neck with a rival bloc led by a former prime minister in a tight election race, vote counts showed early Sunday.

Analysts have warned that the multi-racial country could face further political instability if no group emerges with a clear majority after Saturday’s polls and frenzied horse-trading talks ensue.

Mahathir Mohamad shows his finger that is marked in ink after voting for the general election in Alor Setar, Kedah, Malaysia, Saturday, Nov. 19, 2022. Image Credit: AP
Malaysia’s 97-year-old Mahathir loses seat
Former Malaysian Prime Minister Mahathir Mohammad lost his Langkawi parliamentary seat in the general election.
The 97-year-old, who led the Pejuang party, came in fourth in a five-way contest in the constituency. He garnered about 4,566 votes out of about 47,500 valid votes cast, and will lose his election deposit, according to the Election Commission.
The seat was won by the candidate representing the Perikatan Nasional coalition.
Mahathir was instrumental in unseating the ruling United Malays National Organisation in the historic 2018 election before losing power in 2020.
UMNO returned to the ruling bloc after the collapse of Mahathir’s administration, but led a fragile coalition until elections were called in October.
The country’s longest-serving leader, Mahathir was prime minister for 22 years in his first foray and ran the country for 22 months in his second.

Anwar campaigned on a promise to fight corruption in Southeast Asia’s third-largest economy, where people are struggling with soaring food prices, and where the graft-tainted party of jailed ex-prime minister Najib Razak had been hoping to cement its grip on power.

But official results from the election commission so far showed Anwar’s Pakatan Harapan (Alliance of Hope) coalition in a tight race with Perikatan Nasional (National Alliance) of ex-premier Muhyiddin Yassin.

The ruling Barisan Nasional bloc dominated by Najib’s United Malays National Organisation (UNMO) was trailing behind.

Voter turnout was high at 70 percent two hours before polling closed, and those who spoke to AFP said they hoped for political stability and economic improvement.

“I want a strong government and a stable economy so that there will be more job opportunities for the youth,” Nurul Hazwani Firdon, a 20-year-old tutor, said as she went to cast her ballot in the rural town of Bera in Pahang state.

Social media posts showed people lining up in knee-deep waters outside a voting centre in Sarawak state on Borneo island.

One video on Twitter showed an old woman being carried on someone’s back into a flooded polling place.

Najib’s UMNO usually dominates Malaysian politics, but it suffered a humiliating defeat in the 2018 general election after a massive corruption scandal at state fund 1MDB.

The former prime minister, who was at the centre of the 1MDB storm, is currently serving a 12-year jail term.

Because of infighting in the two successive governments since 2018, UMNO crept back into power last year despite lingering corruption allegations, and is seeking a stronger mandate from the election - called 10 months ahead of schedule.

Anwar’s dream 

With age catching up, this may be Anwar’s last chance to fulfil his long-standing dream of leading Malaysia.

“A win today would certainly be gratifying after more than two decades of fighting to win the hearts and minds of the people,” Anwar, 75, told AFP before casting his vote in Penang state.

He added he was “cautiously confident” that his coalition could secure enough numbers to form the next government.

Caretaker Prime Minister Ismail Sabri Yaakob, from the ruling coalition, called for unity as he cast his vote in Bera.

“I hope the voters will choose a government that can guarantee security and stability,” he told reporters.

A record 945 candidates were vying for parliament seats across the largely Muslim nation.

Corruption a key issue  

Corruption was a key issue during the campaign, with opposition parties repeatedly warning that if UMNO wins, Najib could walk free and graft charges against other party leaders could be dropped.

The 1MDB scandal - in which billions of dollars in state funds were diverted to Beverly Hills properties, a superyacht, a Hollywood film and Najib’s own bank account - sparked investigations in Singapore, Switzerland and the United States.

A survey by pollster Merdeka Centre on the eve of the elections showed Anwar’s coalition winning 82 seats of the total number of seats contested, and 33 percent favouring him as the next prime minister.

There were supposed to be 222 seats at stake, but two candidates died and voting in one district was suspended due to bad weather.

Merdeka analyst Ibrahim Suffian told AFP it was “still possible for Anwar to achieve a simple majority” given the large turnouts in the final days of his campaign.

Malaysia lowered its voting age from 21 to 18 last year, a move that added six million voters to the rolls for this election.

Nearly 1.4 million of total registered voters are aged 18-20.

Analysts have said young voters lean towards the opposition’s more progressive politics.

The majority of registered voters, however, live in Malaysia’s rural areas where the patronage politics dominated by UMNO still hold sway.