An Afghan woman cries at the site of a suicide attack on a Nato convoy in Kabul, Afghanistan. A report by the UN said 1,592 civilians have been killed so far this year. Image Credit: AP

Kabul: Civilian casualties in Afghanistan hit a record high in the first half of 2015, the UN said Wednesday, as Afghan forces struggle to contain the spreading conflict six months after the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (Nato) combat mission ended.

In a worrying trend, ground combat is causing more deaths and injuries than improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the United Nations (UN) said, adding that the conflict was taking a particularly heavy toll on women and children.

The growing insecurity as Afghan forces face their first summer fighting season without full Nato support coincides with a faltering peace process, with the Taliban confronted by an increasingly bitter power transition.

Total casualties — the combined number of civilians killed and wounded — between January and June increased 1 per cent compared with the same period last year, the United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) said in a report.

The report said 1,592 civilians were killed, a 6 per cent fall over last year, while the number of injured jumped 4 per cent to 3,329. The figures represent an average of around nine civilians killed and 18 wounded every day.

The casualties have reached their highest level since the UN began issuing its authoritative reports in 2009.

“The cold statistics of civilian casualties do not adequately capture the horror of violence in Afghanistan, the torn bodies of children, mothers and daughters, sons and fathers,” said UNAMA chief Nicholas Haysom.

“The statistics in this report do not reveal the grieving families and the loss of shocked communities of ordinary Afghans. These are the real consequences of the conflict in Afghanistan.”

UNAMA attributed 70 per cent of civilian casualties to “antigovernment elements” including the Taliban, while highlighting a 60 per cent increase in casualties caused by pro-government forces compared to 2014.

Female casualties soared 23 per cent and child casualties increased by 13 per cent, the report added, as civilians are increasingly caught in the crossfire.

The statistics are a grim indicator of rising violence as the Taliban insurgency spreads north from its traditional southern and eastern strongholds, with Afghan forces increasingly battling the militants on their own.

US-led Nato forces ended their combat mission in Afghanistan in December, leaving local forces to battle militants alone, but a 13,000-strong residual force remains for training and counter-terrorism operations.

“When the Nato combat mission was on, the Taliban mostly used guerrilla tactics,” Graeme Smith, a senior analyst with the International Crisis Group in Afghanistan, said.

“Now they’ve grown bolder as they face Afghan forces directly. That explains why civilian casualties have risen, though not as dramatically as in previous years.”

But the Taliban face is showing internal divisions after Mullah Akhtar Mansour was announced as the new head of the insurgent movement on Friday, after they confirmed the death of Mullah Omar who led the militant movement for some 20 years.

An increasingly bitter power struggle has broken out, casting a pall over a fragile peace process aimed at ending Afghanistan’s long war.

The Taliban distanced themselves from the second round of talks that were scheduled for last Friday, but were cancelled after the announcement of Omar’s death.

And there has been no let-up in insurgent attacks.

A suicide bomber late last month killed 19 people including women and children in a crowded market in the northern province of Faryab, as insurgents intensify their annual summer offensive launched in late April.

In mid-July 33 people were killed in a suicide attack at a military base in the eastern province of Khost, while a few days later 25 civilians were wounded in a bombing inside a mosque in northern Baghlan province.