Korea DMZ
Tourists visit a centre for a tour of the Korean Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) dividing the two Koreas at Imjingak peace park in the border city of Paju on July 19, 2023. Image Credit: AFP

Paju/Washington: The US military was scrambling on Wednesday to determine the fate of an American soldier who made an unauthorised crossing of the inter-Korean border into North Korea, throwing Washington into a new crisis in its dealing with the nuclear-armed state.

The US Army identified the soldier as Private Travis T.

King who joined in 2021 and was facing disciplinary action.

While on an orientation tour of Joint Security Area (JSA) on the border between the two Koreas, King crossed into North Korea on Tuesday “wilfully and without authorisation,” US Defence Secretary Lloyd Austin said.

“We believe that he is in (North Korean) custody and so we’re closely monitoring and investigating the situation and working to notify the soldier’s next of kin,” Austin told a briefing.

North Korea’s state media has made no mention of the incident. Its mission to the United Nations in New York did not immediately respond to requests for comment.

The crossing comes at a time of renewed tension on the Korean peninsula, with the arrival on Tuesday of a US nuclear-armed ballistic missile submarine, and the test launch early on Wednesday of two ballistic missiles into the sea by North Korea.

The short-range missiles were fired from an area near its capital, Pyongyang, flying 550 km and 600 km before plunging into the sea off its east coast, South Korea’s military said.

North Korea has been testing increasingly powerful missiles capable of carrying nuclear warheads, including a new solid-fuel intercontinental ballistic missile last week.

The UN Command (UNC), which oversees security for the border area, had communicated over a hotline with the North Koreans about the US soldier, a spokesperson for US Forces Korea said.

Grand Unification Bridge Korea
A general view of the Grand Unification Bridge which leads to the truce village Panmunjom, just south of the demilitarised zone separating the two Koreas, in Paju, July 19, 2023. Image Credit: Reuters

The US military was “working with our KPA counterparts to resolve this incident,” Colonel Isaac Taylor said, referring to North Korea’s People’s Army.

“We communicate with the North Koreans every single day,” he said. “It’s all part of the armistice agreement.”

Legal troubles

The soldier was on a tour of the Panmunjom truce village when he crossed the Military Demarcation Line that has separated the two Koreas since the Korean War ended in 1953 with an armistice, US officials said.

His motive is not known. While based in South Korea, he faced accusations of assault and damaging a police car in an October incident. He pled guilty and was sentenced in February to a fine, a court document seen by Reuters showed.

King had finished serving in military detention and was transported by the US military to the airport to return to his home unit in the United States, two US officials said.

He had passed alone through security to his gate and then fled, one official said. Civilian tours of the demilitarised zone (DMZ) are advertised at the airport and King appeared to have decided to join one, an official said.

The US officials, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said the soldier had been due to face disciplinary action by the US military. It was not clear if that was related to the October incident.

South Korea’s Unification Ministry, which handles ties with the North, said all tours to Panmunjom had been cancelled indefinitely at the UN Command’s request. But Imjingak in Paju that marks the end of the road before the military-controlled bridge leading into the DMZ was bustling with tourists.

It was unclear how long North Korean authorities would hold the soldier but analysts said the incident could be valuable propaganda for the isolated country.

The border incident occurred as senior South Korean and US officials held the first round of talks on Tuesday on upgrading coordination in the event of a nuclear war with North Korea.

The United States has pledged to deploy more strategic assets such as aircraft carriers, submarines and long-range bombers to South Korea, drawing an angry response from Pyongyang which vowed to escalate its own response.

A former North Korean diplomat who defected to the South said King may be a propaganda tool for North Korea and a loss of face for the United States on the day of the arrival of the submarine and the nuclear talks.

“But looking at previous cases of US servicemen who went into the North, holding an American soldier is probably a not very cost-effective headache for the North in the long run,” said Tae Yong-ho, who is a member of South Korea’s parliament.