Rio de Janeiro: Brazil’s far-right President-elect Jair Bolsonaro started rolling out key points in his hardline agenda Tuesday, including a move to merge the agriculture and environment ministries that activists warned would imperil the Amazon rainforest.
The former army captain huddled with his inner circle at the home of a wealthy backer in Rio de Janeiro to start forming what adviser Gustavo Bebianno called “a combat vanguard” for the new administration.
But as Bolsonaro made plans for his government following his big election win, thousands of his opponents flooded one of Sao Paulo’s largest avenues, chanting “Not him, not ever!”
The protesters marched in the evening with a banner reading “Dictatorship, never again” — a reference to Bolsonaro’s outspoken admiration for the brutal military regime that ruled Brazil from 1964 to 1985.
In one of the incoming administration’s first major policy announcements, Bolsonaro’s pick for chief of staff, Onyx Lorenzoni, confirmed the agriculture and environment ministries would be combined.
The president-elect, who is backed by Brazil’s powerful agribusiness lobby, had floated the idea in the past, saying, “Let’s be clear: the future ministry will come from the productive sector. We won’t have any more fights over this.”
After activists warned the move would undermine the environment ministry’s controls on business, Bolsonaro, 63, had struck a more conciliatory tone in the final days of the campaign, saying he was “open to negotiation on that issue.”
His quick reversal will likely raise fears he will stick to his hardline conservative stance on other issues, too, after dialling back his vitriolic and derogatory rhetoric in the campaign’s final stretch.
Activists swiftly condemned the move — a “triple disaster,” in the words of respected former environment minister Marina Silva.
“We are entering a tragic time in which environmental protection will amount to nothing. The Bolsonaro government hasn’t even started and the backsliding is already incalculable,” she tweeted.
Activists are particularly worried about the implications for the Amazon rainforest, the “lungs of the planet,” which is already losing an area the size of Costa Rica to deforestation each year.
Bolsonaro’s top economic adviser, free-market guru Paulo Guedes, also confirmed a decision to create an economy “super-ministry” combining finance, planning, industry and trade.
Guedes, who is well-liked by the markets, will head it. The Sao Paulo stock market closed up 3.69 per cent on the news.
On the diplomatic front, Lorenzoni said Bolsonaro’s first foreign trips would be to Chile, Israel and the United States, countries that “share our worldview.”
Bolsonaro also doubled down on his most radical proposal for fighting Brazil’s soaring crime rate: loosening gun laws so “good people” can take justice into their own hands.
“The country is at war,” he said late Monday in his first interview as president-elect, vowing to lower the minimum age for firearm permits from 25 to 21 and eliminate red tape for gun ownership.
“Those who don’t respect the law need to understand they will be held responsible, either before the law or by being taken down,” he said.
Crusading judge in cabinet?
Bolsonaro also said he wanted to name anti-corruption crusader Sergio Moro as justice minister, or else nominate the judge — the head of the massive “Car Wash” graft probe — to the Supreme Court.
Since it was launched in 2014, the sprawling probe has uncovered the large-scale looting of state oil company Petrobras, and landed a laundry list of corrupt politicians and business executives in jail.
Moro said he was “honoured” and would consider any formal offer — likely to fuel accusations that his investigation is politically motivated.
Although politicians of all stripes have fallen in the “Car Wash” probe, Moro has been accused of being particularly merciless on the left — especially former president Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva.
Moro sentenced Lula — a hugely divisive but enduringly popular figure who was trying to stage a presidential comeback this year — for taking bribes from a Petrobras contractor.
Now serving 12 years in prison, Lula was barred from running in the election.
His once-mighty Workers’ Party said Tuesday the election was tainted by Moro’s probe, and vowed “resistance” to Bolsonaro’s government.
“The election result is a fact, but the process that led to that result was full of malfeasance and fraud,” said party leader Gleisi Hoffmann.