New York: Instacart co-founder Apoorva Mehta is checking out with a $1.3 billion fortune following the grocery-delivery company’s initial public offering.
Mehta, 37, who stepped down as chief executive officer in August 2021, relinquished his board position as executive chairman as part of the IPO proceedings to current CEO Fidji Simo, a former Meta Platforms executive. The transition marks the end of Mehta’s 11-year tenure with the company he co-founded in 2012.
In the last decade, the startup has transformed from a Webvan clone to the largest grocery-delivery business in the US. Revenue grew 31 per cent to about $1.5 billion in the six months ended June 30, powered in part by a pivot to a higher-margin advertising business.
Mehta’s 10 per cent stake had already made him a billionaire with a $3.5 billion fortune at its highest point. But with viral infections dwindling and inflation accelerating, the San Francisco-based company struggled and cut its internal valuation three times last year to about $13 billion in October.
Instacart, which is incorporated as Maplebear, priced its IPO Monday at $30 a share, giving it a $9.9 billion valuation. The shares jumped more than 40 per cent when they began trading Tuesday in New York and were at $40.02 at 1:19 pm.
Mehta’s $1.3 billion fortune includes his 10 per cent ownership of Instacart as well as a stake in his new company, Cloud Health Systems, which aims to address chronic illness. The health-tech startup, which Mehta leads as CEO, has raised $42 million from investors including Thrive Capital, Andreessen Horowitz and General Catalyst. It was valued at $200 million in a November 2022 financing round.
A spokesperson for Mehta declined to comment on his net worth.
Mehta sold stock worth $21 million in the offering, but will remain Instacart’s largest individual shareholder, according to its amended registration filing. Venture firms Sequoia Capital and D1 Capital Partners own larger stakes, 14 per cent and 13 per cent, respectively, which doesn’t include any additional shares they may purchase in the IPO. Instacart’s other co-founders, Brandon Leonardo and Maxwell Mullen, each own 2 per cent.
Mehta started Instacart over a decade ago, getting into famed startup accelerator Y Combinator after he had missed the application deadline by two months and delivered a partner a six pack of beer to make up for it. While he was born in India and grew up in Libya, he credits his time living in a small town outside of Toronto as one of the reasons he wanted to start Instacart. He hated waiting in the cold at a bus stop with bags of groceries and believed the grocery shopping experience should have evolved by then.
After studying engineering at the University of Waterloo, Mehta spent two years working on supply-chain logistics at Amazon.com before deciding to leave and build a company. He burned through 20 ideas from enterprise software to advertising startups before settling on the idea of a personal shopper. Webvan had tried online grocery delivery before, but soon became synonymous with the excesses of the dot-com era after burning through $800 million in venture funding and filing for bankruptcy.
Mehta had a knack for fundraising too, raising more than $2.8 billion over the last decade from investors including Sequoia Capital and Andreessen Horowitz, according to PitchBook. Amazon’s 2017 purchase of Whole Foods could have derailed the business, but instead it drove retailers like Costco Wholesale and Kroger to align with Instacart in the delivery wars.
“It really was like a thermonuclear bomb against the entire grocery industry,” Mehta said at the time. “When we look back, that may have been a turning point for Instacart.”
Change in fortunes
The other came when the pandemic struck in 2020 and people stuck at home were looking for ways to get everything from groceries to medicine delivered. Its volume grew to 262.6 million orders in 2022 from 171.5 million in 2020.
Instacart reached its peak in spring of 2021 when it raised new funding at a $39 billion valuation, double what it had been five months prior. But around the same time, board members started to lose confidence in Mehta’s leadership while Mehta began to question his own long-term commitment to the company, according to people with knowledge of the matter. It also explored acquisitions by both DoorDash and Uber Technologies, the people said.
By July, the company announced that Simo, 37, would be taking over as CEO the next month with Mehta moving to executive chairman. A year later, Mehta decided he would step down following Instacart’s debut as a public company.
After 10 years of delivering groceries, Mehta’s new company is turning to the other side of the coin: weight loss. Cloud Health Systems’ first brand, Sunrise, is selling online weight-loss programs, including medications like Wegovy and Ozempic.