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Aiming for a second passport can be more than about securing economic futures. Investors realise value from new sustainability-themed choices. Image Credit: Shutterstock

A trend is unfolding within the realm of citizenship-by-investment – the rise of sustainable citizenship programs.

Beyond the traditional economic considerations when it comes to second passports, countries are now weaving eco-friendly criteria into citizenship programs, attracting investors eager to align their financial goals with sustainable development.

Eco-friendly criteria

Investors are now encouraged and sometimes required, to direct their funds towards projects that align with sustainable development goals. These initiatives span renewable energy, conservation, and other environmental endeavors.

The goal is not only to attract environmentally conscious investors but ensure these investments actively contribute to a greener future.

Below is an overview of citizenship by investment programs’ contribution to sustainable initiatives:


Dominica, on its path to becoming the world’s first climate-resilient nation, is witnessing a significant transformation in its energy sector, aligned with the island’s ambitious agenda. Foreign investments play a pivotal role, essential for fortifying infrastructure in this hurricane-prone country. This shift toward clean energy not only diminishes the nation's carbon footprint but also secures a more dependable and affordable energy supply for its populace.


Vanuatu has introduced an investment-driven Citizenship Program in the coconut biofuel sector, fortifying its sustainability efforts to achieve ambitious 2030 carbon net zero goals. Recognized for its commitment to 100% renewable energy in electricity generation by 2030, this move emphasizes Vanuatu's determination to make a substantial impact in global climate action.

Antigua and Barbuda

Antigua and Barbuda's Citizenship by Investment Programme (CIP) has undergone transformative changes, propelling it to the forefront of investment migration. Approving sustainable real estate projects, this initiative focuses on responsible tourism and sustainable development, ensuring economic growth while preserving the country's natural beauty.

These projects adhere to stringent criteria, promoting environmental impact mitigation and responsible tourism practices.

Saint Kitts & Nevis

The Saint Kitts & Nevis citizenship program's proceeds, directed through the Sustainable Growth Fund, not only benefit participants but also fortify the country's economic future. With a committed transition to 100 per cent renewable energy and a 61 per cent carbon dioxide emissions reduction target, funds from the Sustainable Growth Fund drive initiatives such as urban heat response plans and climate-smart technology implementation.

Participants contribute to the country's development by investing in government-approved real estate projects or directly into the National Transformation Fund. Funds injected into the state fund bolster the economy. A total of $172.8 million went into the fund between 2016 and the third quarter of 2022.

Sustainable citizenship

Beyond the prospect of securing a second passport, sustainable citizenship programs hold a unique appeal for investors. Individuals seeking to make a positive impact on the planet find an avenue to align their financial endeavors with environmental stewardship.

These programs offer a meaningful opportunity for investors to actively engage in projects that transcend personal gain, fostering a sense of responsibility towards the planet.

By incentivizing eco-friendly investments, such countries are fostering a culture of responsible citizenship that resonates with the broader international community.

This shift represents a broader awareness that economic prosperity and ecological responsibility are not mutually exclusive, reshaping the narrative around the intersection of nations, investors, and environmental stewardship.

This forward-thinking approach not only attracts investors but aligns economic prosperity with a commitment to responsible global citizenship. In an era where individual choices wield global influence, sustainable citizenship programs offer a transformative model that fosters a harmonious relationship between nations, investors, and the planet.

As more countries join this green frontier, the rise of sustainable citizenship programs stands poised to play a pivotal role in shaping a greener and more sustainable future for all.