Pakistan's currency could be weakened as the surge in energy and commodities prices deepens the nation's current account deficit, according to Deutsche Bank AG's country head, referring to the broadest measure of trade.
The exchange rate of the Pakistan rupee remained stable against the US dollar in the interbank trading on Thursday and closed at Rs181.73. Against the UAE dirham, the rupee was valued at Rs49.44, depreciating by 10 paise from Thursday's Rs49.35. Check the latest forex rates here.
Weakness in the Pakistani rupee's value against the US dollar will be automatically reflected in its exchange rate with the UAE dirham as the UAE currency is pegged to the dollar. According to the Forex Association of Pakistan (FAP), the buying and selling rates of US dollar in the open market were recorded at Rs181.8 and Rs183.2 respectively.
"That's a key concern for the economy and for the business community," the bank's chief country officer, Syed Kamran Zaidi, said in an interview. "That is obviously something which the banks are also cautious about."
The South Asian nation, which imports most of its fuel needs, saw its energy bill rise to $13 billion in the first eight months of the year that started in July, more than double the same period of the last fiscal, according to government data. Costs could increase further as oil prices have since surged above $100 a barrel amid supply concerns following Russia's invasion of Ukraine.
A weaker rupee may be among the factors that pressure the central bank to raise borrowing costs, he added, estimating the benchmark target rate to increase between 50 and 100 basis points in the next few meetings, after being left unchanged for the previous two.
"The market has already incorporated this change as can be seen by secondary market yields of Treasury Bills and Pakistan Investment Bonds" that reflect short- and long-tenor instruments, said Zaidi.
Pakistan's short-term bond yields have increased by at least 150 basis points in the past month, according to central bank data. Meanwhile, Pakistan's rupee slipped for a seventh day to a record low 181.73 per dollar on Tuesday. Zaidi declined to share a forecast for the rupee.
The current account last month was a $545 million deficit, narrower than the $2.5 billion record shortfall in January, but still more than 16-times larger than the same month last year, according to central bank data.
The Frankfurt-based firm, which has been in Pakistan for 60 years, has described itself as one of the largest custodian businesses in the country and facilitates more than 40 per cent of onshore institutional investment flows. It only offers corporate and not consumer banking in Pakistan. It has also launched a new foreign exchange trading platform for corporate clients in Pakistan.
Zaidi added that "Pakistan will be in good shape" longer term, partly on rising exports, and that many multinational firms are bullish on the country and a few rank Pakistan among their top five destinations. At least two of those companies are planning new factories in Pakistan, he said, declining to provide details as the information is private.
- with inputs from APP