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Lebanese students from various schools wave national flags and shout slogans as they gather in front of the Ministry of Education during ongoing anti-government protests, in the capital Beirut on November 7, 2019. Image Credit: AFP

Beirut: Thousands of students took to the streets across Lebanon Thursday to demand a better future as anti-government protests now entering their fourth week continued to spread.

Pupils carrying their schoolbags picked up the baton from thousands of women who ignited the main protest site in Beirut on Wednesday evening by banging pots and pans to demand their rights.

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An anti-government protester bangs on a ban during ongoing protests against the Lebanese government in Beirut on Wednesday night. Image Credit: AP

In Tripoli, where mobilisation has been relentless since the protests erupted on October 17, demonstrators planned to take down the giant portraits of politicians plastered all over the city’s buildings.

Grievances initially focused on poor infrastructure and abysmal public services quickly grew into an unprecedented nationwide push to drive out an elite protesters say has ruled the country like a cartel for decades.

Thousands of university and high school students streamed into the streets of Beirut and other towns to boost the protests.

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Lebanese students wave national flags on Thursday at an anti-government protest. Image Credit: AFP

“All of them, all of them are thieves,” chanted one pupil, perched on the shoulders of a schoolmate outside the education ministry.

Setting off coloured flares and waving Lebanese flags, students blocked off traffic to demand the wholesale removal of the current political class and its sectarian-based power-sharing system.

“What if we had a young, educated, ethical and competent political leadership?” was the question asked on one placard.

Political posters

“We go to school, we work hard and in the end we pick up diplomas so we can just hang around and stay at home doing nothing,” said Marwa Abdel Rahman, 16.

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A student takes part in a protest on Thursday. Image Credit: AFP

Youth unemployment stands at more than 30 per cent in Lebanon, from which many young people were seeking to emigrate until last month’s rallies created a rare moment of national hope and unity in a country often characterised by its divisions.

On Wednesday night, thousands of women staged a candle-lit rally on Martyrs Square, banging pots and pans with wooden spoons to set downtown Beirut abuzz.

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Women hold candles Wednesday night at a candle light vigil in Beirut. Image Credit: Reuters

The commotion, broadcast live on several television channels, turned contagious and for several minutes residents could be heard across the city chiming in from home with their own utensils.

“Revolution is a woman,” read one of the banners in the crowd, which launched into a rousing rendition of the national anthem, adapting the lyrics to include women.

What started as a spontaneous, apolitical and leaderless popular movement, is becoming increasingly organised, with activists coming together to synchronise marches and stunts across the country.

After blocking off roads for days, protesters have switched to preventing access to institutions seen as the most egregious examples of mismanagement and corruption.

Students in Tripoli blocked employees from clocking in for work at the telecommunications ministry building.

“We want to keep up the pressure on our corrupt political leaders, who are not addressing our demands,” said Samir Mustafa, an unemployed 29-year-old.

Prime Minister Saad Hariri tendered his government’s resignation on October 29 in response to pressure from the street.

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Hariri tendering his resignation. Image Credit: Reuters

The cabinet has stayed on in a caretaker capacity but efforts to form a new line-up seem to be stalling, with each faction in the outgoing coalition arrangement seeking to salvage some influence.

“They want to name a prime minister from the old guard, from the corrupt class,” Mustafa ranted.

“We will continue to block banks and key administrations until the president and the parliament fall,” he said.

World Bank warning

The World Bank on Wednesday warned that the failure to quickly form a government that meets protesters’ demands could lead to an even sharper economic downturn.

President Michel Aoun is reported to remain bent on keeping Foreign Minister Gebran Bassil, his son-in-law and arguably the most reviled politician among the protesters, in a key position.

Lebanese President Michel Aoun (R) with his son-in-law Gebran Bassil Image Credit: Reuters

For his part parliament speaker Nabih Berri, a veteran player whose supporters tried to disrupt the protests last month, has not publicly commented at all on the protests sweeping the country.

In a country where weapons are widespread and leading political parties routinely resort to hired thugs, the protests - and attempts by the security forces to quell them - have been remarkably bloodless.