Baghdad: Iraq on Thursday expelled Sweden’s ambassador after a man stomped on a copy of the Quran at a Stockholm demonstration just hours after the Swedish embassy in Baghdad was torched over the planned protest.
Sweden-based Iraqi refugee Salwan Momika, 37, stomped and kicked the Quran but left the protest without burning it, just weeks after he set fire to pages of the book outside Stockholm’s main mosque.
Sweden and other European countries have previously seen protests where far-right and other activists, citing free speech protections, damage or destroy religious symbols or books, commonly sparking protests and heightening diplomatic tensions.
Around the time of Thursday’s protest in Stockholm, Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammad Shia Al Sudani “instructed the Swedish ambassador in Baghdad to leave Iraqi territory”, according to a statement by his office.
It said the decision was “prompted by the Swedish government’s repeated permission for the burning of the holy Quran, insulting Islamic sanctities and the burning of the Iraqi flag”.
Overnight protesters had breached and set fires within the compound of the Swedish embassy in Baghdad and clashed with riot police, prompting an emergency meeting with the prime minister.
The Iraqi government strongly condemned the embassy attack but also issued a warning to Sweden if it allowed the second Quran burning protest to go forward.
Baghdad had informed Stockholm “that any recurrence of the incident involving the burning of the Holy Quran on Swedish soil would necessitate severing diplomatic relations,” according to a statement from Sudani’s office.
Protecting the right to protest
Swedish police had granted a permit for the protest in line with Swedish legislation on the rights to freedom of assembly and speech.
“The constitution states that a lot is needed to deny a person a permit for a public gathering so the day before yesterday we granted a permit for a private individual to protest,” Ola Osterling with the Stockholm police told AFP.
On June 28, Salwan Momika also burnt pages of the Quran, outside a Stockholm mosque, sparking a wave of indignation and anger across the Muslim world.
Hundreds massed at the Baghdad embassy, as they had done in response to the previous Stockholm protest, scaled the walls and torched parts of it.
Rock-throwing protesters then clashed with Iraqi riot police who used electric batons and water cannon to disperse them.
One protester, Hassan Ahmad, told AFP that “we mobilised today to denounce the burning of the Quran, which is all about love and faith”.
Some raised the Quran in the air, others held up portraits of Sadr and of his late father, Mohammad Al Sadr, a revered cleric in the majority Shiite country.
Calm has returned by morning, when police blocked the road leading to the embassy, and the full extent of the fire damage was not yet clear.
Sweden’s foreign ministry told AFP that all of its employees in Baghdad were “safe” during the unrest.
Swedish Foreign Minister Tobias Billstrom later said Iraq’s charge d’affaires would be summoned.
“What has happened is completely unacceptable and the government condemns these attacks in the strongest terms,” he said in a statement.
“Iraqi authorities have an unequivocal obligation to protect diplomatic missions and personnel under the Vienna Convention.”