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Former US secretary of state Henry Kissinger said on Monday that Ukraine should concede territory to Russia to help end the attack, suggesting a position that a vast majority of Ukrainians are against as the war enters its fourth month.

Speaking at a conference at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Kissinger urged the United States and the West to not seek an embarrassing defeat for Russia in Ukraine, warning it could worsen Europe's long-term stability.

After saying that Western countries should remember Russia's importance to Europe and not get swept up "in the mood of the moment," Kissinger also pushed for the West to force Ukraine into accepting negotiations with a "status quo ante," which means the previous state of affairs.

"Negotiations need to begin in the next two months before it creates upheavals and tensions that will not be easily overcome. Ideally, the dividing line should be a return to the status quo ante," said Kissinger, 98, according to the Daily Telegraph.

"Pursuing the war beyond that point would not be about the freedom of Ukraine, but a new conflict against Russia itself."

The "status quo ante" mentioned by Kissinger, who was secretary of state to Presidents Richard Nixon and Gerald Ford, refers to restoring a situation in which Russia formally controlled Crimea and informally controlled Ukraine's two easternmost regions of Luhansk and Donetsk. Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky has emphasized that part of his conditions for entering peace talks with Russia would include a restoration of pre-attack borders.

Kissinger's comments come as world leaders say Russia's war in Ukraine has thrown the "whole international order into question.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen told global leaders in Davos that the war is not only "a matter of Ukraine's survival" or "an issue of European security" but also "a task for the entire global community." She lamented Russian President Vladimir Putin's "destructive fury" but said Russia could one day recover its place in Europe if it "finds its way back to democracy, the rule of law and respect for the international rules-based order . . . because Russia is our neighbour."

Kissinger's comments follow a recent editorial from the New York Times's editorial board that argued Ukraine would have to make "painful territorial decisions" to achieve peace.

"In the end, it is the Ukrainians who must make the hard decisions: They are the ones fighting, dying and losing their homes to Russian aggression, and it is they who must decide what an end to the war might look like," the Times editorial board wrote on Thursday. "If the conflict does lead to real negotiations, it will be Ukrainian leaders who will have to make the painful territorial decisions that any compromise will demand."

The editorial was met with backlash, including from Zelensky adviser Mikhailo Podolyak, who said that "any concession to Russia is not a path to peace, but a war postponed for several years."

In his comments Monday, Kissinger, a longtime advocate of a realpolitik approach that has nations putting their practical aims in front of morals and principles, urged European leaders to not lose sight of Russia's place in Europe.

"I hope the Ukrainians will match the heroism they have shown with wisdom," he said, according to the Daily Telegraph.

Podolyak returned to his refrain that Ukraine could not concede territory, even if it leads to peace, saying the country "does not trade its sovereignty for someone to fill their wallet." He tweeted out an old photo of Kissinger shaking hands with Putin on Tuesday, with Podolyak saying he was thankful that Ukrainians fighting the war did not listen to the diplomat's suggestion.

"As easily as Kissinger proposes to give [Russia] part of [Ukraine] to stop the war, he would allow to take Poland or Lithuania away," Podolyak said. "It's good that Ukrainians in the trenches do not have time for listening to 'Davos panickers'."