Brussels: The EU on Sunday imposed restrictions on exports of masks and other protective medical equipment as it seeks to ensure its own supplies for the fight against the coronavirus epidemic.
Announcing the measure in an online video, European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen also warned that EU countries imposing border checks were threatening supply chains and increasing the risks of shortages.
The move came as Germany became the latest EU country to close its borders, halting crossings from France, Austria and Switzerland as of Monday in a bid to slow the spread of COVID-19.
"We adopted today an export authorisation scheme for protective equipment. This means that such medical goods can only be exported to non-EU countries with the explicit authorisation of the EU governments," von der Leyen said.
"This is the right thing to do because we need that equipment for our healthcare systems."
The restrictions apply to a range of equipment including masks, as well as protective glasses and visors, face shields, mouth-nose protection and protective garments.
She stressed the need for EU countries to share equipment among themselves, hitting out at national export bans - imposed notably by France and Germany - as counterproductive.
Earlier in the day, internal market commissioner Thierry Breton said that following "intense discussions" with Berlin and Paris, they had agreed to allow exports, in particular to Italy, Europe's worst affected country.
With Europe now the epicentre of the pandemic, the EU has been ramping up its efforts to coordinate the fight against the virus across all its 27 members.
Von der Leyen on Friday vowed to do "whatever is necessary" to help Italy, which has seen nearly 12,000 infections and more than 1,400 deaths.
As panicky shoppers stripped supermarket shelves bare of some products in several member states, she warned that the EU's internal market must keep flowing.
"Thousands of bus and truck drivers are stranded at internal borders on parking lots, creating more health risks and disrupting our supply chains," she said.
"If we do not take action now, shops will start facing difficulties in refilling their stocks of certain products coming from elsewhere in the single market."
She spoke as Germany, the EU's economic powerhouse, joined a raft of other nations in restricting border crossings.
While the German measures currently only apply to three countries, other neighbouring countries such as Poland, the Czech Republic and Denmark have also closed their borders or introduced severe restrictions.
And Estonia and Lithuania said Saturday they will shut their borders to most foreign visitors.
"In this moment of crisis it is of utmost importance to keep our internal market going," von der Leyen said.