181204 sushma swaraj
Sushma Swaraj, External Affairs Minister of India. Image Credit: PTI


  • Sushma Swaraj is the senior-most woman leader in the current government as foreign minister
  • It says a lot about the current majoritarian BJP that Swaraj, originally a socialist, never became the party’s prime ministerial candidate
  • So what's next for Swaraj?


(India mourns Sushma Swaraj, 67, who passed away on Tuesday night. Swaraj served as India’s external affairs minister under Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s first term, 2014-2019. We're republishing her profile written by Swati Chaturvedi in December 2018)

It says a lot about the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) that Sushma Swaraj, the senior-most woman leader, not just emerged but rose to prominence in the party. It also says a lot about the current majoritarian BJP that Swaraj, originally a socialist, never became the party’s prime ministerial candidate.

Swaraj recently announced that she will not be contesting in the upcoming Lok Sabha elections, but the news hardly created a ripple. That was clearly managed by her rivals in the party who fancy themselves as super editors and excel in headline management.

Swaraj, currently the foreign minister, diminutive in size – she is around five feet, has a huge electoral stature, winning more than half a dozen Lok Sabha elections. Swaraj is an unparalleled orator, in the league of the late Atal Behari Vajpayee, and learns languages quickly. She holds large crowds in thrall.

Sushma Swaraj
Sushma Swaraj is an unparalleled orator, in the league of the late Atal Behari Vajpayee Image Credit: Ramachandra Babu/©Gulf News

Swaraj’s ambitions have matched her oratory. And, she was always extremely conscious of image management. Asked about the fact that Swaraj was the best prime minister the BJP never had, party leaders scoff, saying she has never tried to be collegial with colleagues.

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But that is the perception of an extremely paternalistic party, which did not utter a word when Swaraj was trolled shamefully by Right wing trolls. Her offence was trying to give speedy redress to a complaint made by an inter-faith couple.

So is Swaraj the hoary old cliché – the right woman in the wrong party? She was the leader of the Lok Sabha, a position normally held by the shadow prime minister. And, despite some controversies, such as a brief dalliance with the infamous Bellary brothers and a one around Lalit Modi, again adroitly managed by her rivals, Swaraj has a clean image.

She was the BJP’s original ideal Indian “bahu” (daughter-in-law) till Pramod Mahajan, a huge Swaraj rival, brought in Smriti Irani the “TV bahu” based on her starring role in a soap opera. When I asked Mahajan why Irani, he replied to outdo the original Indian bahu. Mahajan was also responsible for Swaraj’s ouster from the Vajpayee Cabinet and a disastrous stint as Delhi chief minister.

Indian External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj addresses the United Nations General Assembly, Saturday, Sept. 23, 2017, at UN headquarters. Image Credit: AP

Swaraj, who is married to lawyer Swaraj Kaushal, and has a daughter Bansuri, also a lawyer, who originally wanted to be actor, was mentored by L.K. Advani and never hid her unease when Narendra Modi was projected as prime ministerial candidate.

Despite this, she made it to the Cabinet, but with most of her portfolio taken over by Modi’s overarching Prime Minister’s Office. Swaraj kept mum, put her head down and worked. Swaraj made innovative use of social media, helping Indians in distress the world-over. 

She personally monitored Indians in trouble and was almost like a Mother Teresa of Twitter, making the lethargic Foreign Ministry put interests of those who were overseas and in distress, first.

- Swati Chaturvedi

Swaraj, who has warm relationships across party lines despite her infamous vow to shave her head if Sonia Gandhi became prime minister, saw Congress leaders react with regret to her announcement of not contesting in the next elections, while the BJP kept mum.

Swaraj has had a kidney transplant in 2016 and probably saw the writing on the wall - if Narendra Modi and Amit Shah make it again in 2019, she will be headed straight to the Margdarshak Mandal - the BJP’s powerless old age home.

India’s Minister of External Affairs Sushma Swaraj addresses the United Nations General Assembly. Image Credit: Reuters

Swaraj clearly preempted this eventuality and ensured that her bitter rival Arun Jaitley, who has never won an election in his life, will also head for the mandal.

Journalists close to Jaitley wrote that if Swaraj gets a Rajya Sabha seat she would have to work under Jaitley. They also raised questions on the timing of her announcement just as the campaign for the Madhya Pradesh Assembly was on. Those who know Swaraj say she would never do that. They also maintain that Swaraj had kept Modi posted on her announcement.

So what next for Swaraj?

SWAT Analysis

Curtains on a very successful political career if Modi and Shah prove their dominance again. And, if the BJP is short of a simple majority and needs outside support, Swaraj will be back in the reckoning for the one job she has always coveted – prime minister.

As for most politicians, drinking from the elixir of power, Swaraj’s health problems are unlikely to hold her back.