Boko Haram, founded in 2002, is a militant movement based in northeast Nigeria. The group was designated by the US as a terrorist organisation in November 2013. Boko Haram killed more than 5,000 civilians between July 2009 and June 2014, including at least 2,000 in the first half of 2014, in attacks occurring mainly in northeast, north central and central states of Nigeria. Image Credit: Reuters

Dubai: The UAE Cabinet has endorsed a list of terrorist organisations in line with the Federal Law No 7 for 2014 on combating terrorist crimes.

The law was issued by President His Highness Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al Nahyan on August 20. The release of the names of terrorist organisations also comes as per the Cabinet resolution on terrorist lists which provides for the publishing of such lists in different media outlets to ensure transparency and raise awareness about these organisations.

1. Muslim Brotherhood in the UAE

2. Al Islah Society

3. Fatah Al Islam in Lebanon

4. Islamic Association in Italy

5. UAE Jihad cells

6. Osbat Al Ansar in Lebanon

Osbat Al Ansar is a Lebanon-based, Sunni extremist group, composed primarily of Palestinians and associated with Osama Bin Ladin. The group follows an extremist interpretation of Islam that justifies violence against civilian targets to achieve political ends. The group has carried out multiple terrorist attacks in Lebanon since it emerged in the early 1990s. The group assassinated Lebanese religious leaders and bombed nightclubs, theatres, and liquor stores. It raised its operational profile in 2000 with two attacks against Lebanese and international targets.

7. Islamic Association in Finland

8. Al Karama Organisation

9. Al Qaida in the Islamic Maghreb

10. Islamic Association in Sweden

11. The Islamic Association in Sweden

The group is reportedly Sweden’s largest Muslim organisation. Its chairman, Tahir Akan, has since 2010 chosen to strengthen the brand of the organisation and strengthen public support among Muslims, especially among young Muslims and Muslim professionals by associating itself with the Muslim Peace movement ,Swedish Muslims for Peace and Justice (SMPJ). Together, the different organisations have cooperated with social work where young professionals from SMPJ have led campaigns in mosques.

12. Ummah Parties in the Gulf region

13. Ansar Al Sharia (Supporters of Sharia Law) in Libya

Ansar Al Sharia in Libya is an Islamist militia group that advocates the implementation of strict Sharia law across Libya. It was formed during the Libyan Civil War and it rose to prominence after the killing of Muammar Gaddafi. Made up of former rebels, the Salafist militia initially made their name by posting videos of themselves fighting in the Battle of Sirte. Led by its “Emir”, Mohammad Al Zahawi, the group has deliberately targeted both Libyan and American civilians and took part in the 2012 Benghazi attack. The group has been designated by the US Department of State as a terrorist organisation.

14. Islamic Association in Norway

15. Al Qaida Organisation

Al Qaida is an international terrorist network founded by Osama Bin Laden. Sustained counterterrorism pressure since 2008 — including the killing of Al Qaida leaders Osama Bin Ladin, Atiyyah Abel Al Rahman, and lIyas Kashmiri in 2011 — reduced the Pakistan-based core of Al Qaida’s cohesion and capabilities, including its ability to mount sophisticated, complex attacks in the West similar to the 2006 Transatlantic airliner plot. However, despite these setbacks, Al Qaida retains its intent, though perhaps not the robust capability, to plan and conduct terrorist attacks against the West, including the US homeland. Core Al Qaida almost certainly will also try to inspire regional nodes and allies, as well as unaffiliated but like-minded extremists, to engage in terrorism against the West. Established around 1988 by Bin Laden, Al Qaida helped finance, recruit, transport and train thousands of fighters from dozens of countries to be part of an Afghan resistance to defeat the Soviet Union. To continue the holy war beyond Afghanistan, Al Qaida’s current goal is to establish a pan-Islamic caliphate throughout the world by working with allied Islamic extremist groups to overthrow regimes it deems “non-Islamic” and expelling Westerners and non-Muslims from Muslim countries. In February 1998, Al Qaida issued a statement under the banner of “The World Islamic Front for Jihad Against the Jews and Crusaders” saying it was the duty of all Muslims to kill US citizens — civilian or military — and their allies everywhere. Al Qaida would merge with Egyptian Islamic Jihad (Al Jihad) of Ayman Al Zawahiri in June 2001.

After Al Qaida’s September 11, 2001, attacks on America, the US launched a war in Afghanistan to destroy Al Qaida’s bases there and overthrow the Taliban, the country’s Muslim fundamentalist rulers who harboured Bin Laden and his followers. “Al Qaida” is Arabic for “the base.”

16. Ansar Al Sharia in Tunisia

Ansar Al Sharia in Tunisia is a radical Islamist group that operates in Tunisia. It has around 1,000 people as part of the movement. It has been listed as a terrorist group by the Tunisian government as well as the US. The Tunisian Interior Ministry had accused the group of masterminding the 2013 wave of political assassinations in Tunisia and of the attack on the US embassy in September 2012.

17. Islamic Relief Organisation in London

18. Islamic State (Daesh)

Daesh —also known as Islamic State or Islamic State of Iraq and the Leavant — is a radical Islamist group that has seized large swathes of territory in eastern Syria and across northern and western Iraq. Its brutal tactics — including mass killings and abductions of members of religious and ethnic minorities, as well as the beheadings of soldiers and journalists — have sparked fear and outrage across the world and prompted US military intervention. The group aims to establish a “caliphate”, a state ruled by a single political and religious leader according to Sharia. Although currently limited to Iraq and Syria, Daesh has promised to “break the borders” of Jordan and Lebanon and to “free Palestine”. It attracts support from Muslims across the world and demands that all swear allegiance to its leader — Ebrahim Awad Ebrahim Ali Al Badri Al Samarrai, better known as Abu Bakr Al Baghdadi.

19. Mujahideen Youth Movement in Somalia

20. Cordoba Foundation in Britain

21. Al Qaida in the Arabian Peninsula

AQAP is a militant Islamist organisation, primarily active in Yemen and Saudi Arabia. It was named for Al Qaida, and says it is subordinate to that group. It is considered the most active of Al Qaida’s branches, or “franchises”, that emerged due to weakening central leadership. AQAP was formed in January 2009 from a merger of Al Qaida’s Yemeni and Saudi branches.

22. Boko Haram in Nigeria

Boko Haram, founded in 2002, is a militant movement based in northeast Nigeria. The group was designated by the US as a terrorist organisation in November 2013.

Boko Haram killed more than 5,000 civilians between July 2009 and June 2014, including at least 2,000 in the first half of 2014, in attacks occurring mainly in northeast, northcentral and central states of Nigeria.

23. Islamic Relief Organisation — an affiliate of the International Organisation of the Muslim Brotherhood

24. Ansar Al Sharia (Supporters of Sharia Law) in Yemen

25. Almoravids Battalion in Mali

26. Taliban Pakistan

The roots of the TTP as an organisation began in 2002 when the Pakistani military conducted incursions into the tribal areas to originally combat foreign (Afghan, Arab and Central Asian) militants fleeing from the war in Afghanistan into the neighbouring tribal areas of Pakistan.

27. Muslim Brotherhood Organisation and group

28. Ansar Al Deen (Defenders of the Faith) in Mali

29. Abu Thar Al Ghafari Brigade in Syria

30. Islamic Group in Egypt

An Egyptian Sunni movement, it is considered a terrorist organisation by the US and European Union. The group was dedicated to the overthrow of the Egyptian government and replacing it with an Islamic state; the group has committed to peaceful means following the coup that toppled Mohammad Mursi. From 1992-1998 Al Gama’a Al Islamiyya fought an insurgency against the Egyptian government during which at least 796 Egyptian policemen and soldiers, Al Gama’a Al Islamiyya fighters, and civilians, including dozens of tourists, were killed.

31. Pakistan’s Haqqani network

32. Al Tawhid Brigade in Syria

33. Egyptian Ansar Jerusalem

An active militant group that has been operating in the Sinai Peninsula since the Egyptian Revolution of 2011, with its operations increasing in the wake of the overthrow of Mohammad Mursi in July 2013. The group is believed to be the main group behind the militant activity in the Sinai.

34. Pakistani Lashkar-e-Taiba group

35. Tawhid and Faith Brigade in Syria

36. Ajnad Misr (Egyptian Jihadist Group)

37. East Turkistan movement in Pakistan

38. Green Brigade in Syria

39. Mujahideen Shura Council

40. Aknaf Bait Al Maqdis (Defenders of Jerusalem)

41. The Army of Mohammad in Pakistan

42. Abu Bakr Al Siddiq Brigade in Syria

43. Al Houthi Movement in Yemen

44. The Army of Mohammad in Pakistan and India

45. Talha Bin Obaidullah Brigade in Syria

46. Saudi Hezbollah Al Hejaz

The pro-Khomeini militant organisation operating in Saudi Arabia was founded in May 1987 in Saudi Arabia’s Eastern Province. It is outlawed in Saudi Arabia, being designated as a terrorist organisation by the kingdom’s government on March 7, 2014. It is believed to have been responsible for a number of serious attacks in Saudi Arabia in the second half of the 1980s.

47. Indian Mujahideen in India/Kashmir

48. Hezbollah in GCC countries

49. Al Sarim Al Battar Brigade

50. The Caucasus Emirate (Chechen Mujahideen)

51. Abdullah Ibn Mubarak Brigade

52. Al Qaida Organisation in Iran

53. Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan

54. Syrian Martyrs Brigade

55. Badr Organisation in Iraq

56. Abu Sayyaf Group (Philippines)

57. Abu Omar Brigade

58. Asa’ib Ahl Al Haq (League of the Righteous) in Iraq

59. Council on American-Islamic Relations (Cair)

60. Ahrar Shammar Brigade in Syria

61. Hezbollah Brigades in Iraq

62. Kanvas organisation in Belgrade, Serbia

63. Sariyat Al Jabal Brigade in Syria

64. Abu Fadl Abbas Brigade Iraq

65. Muslim American Society (Mas)

66. Al Shahba Brigade in Syria

67. Al Youm Al Maoud Brigade in Iraq

68. Association of Muslim Scholars

69. Al Qa’qa’ Brigade in Syria

70. Omar Bin Yasser Brigade (Syria)

71. Union of Islamic Organisations of France

72. Sufian Al Thawri Brigade in Syria

73. Iraqi Ansar Al Islam Group

74. Federation of Islamic Organisations in Europe

75. Ibad Al Rahman Brigade in Syria

76. Al Nusra Front in Syria

77. Islamic Association in Britain

78. Omar Ibn Al Khattab Brigade in Syria

79. Ahrar Al Sham Movement in Syria

80. Islamic Society of Germany

81. Al Shaima Brigade in Syria

82. Army of Islam in Palestine

83. Islamic Association in Denmark

84. Al Haq Brigade in Syria

85. Abdullah Azzam Brigades

86. Islamic Association in Belgium