In recent weeks, the administration of United States President Donald Trump has taken a series of drastic punitive measures against the Palestinian people. Some analysts have accepted the official White House explanation that many of the actions were done either out of displeasure with actions taken by the Palestinian leadership or to force them “to take steps to advance the start of direct and meaningful negotiations with Israel”. I disagree. When added together, the Trump administration’s moves are so all-encompassing and far-reaching that I suspect a more ominous intent.
Here’s what the administration has done:
It cut US assistance to United Nationals Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) for Palestine refugees — Congressionally authorised humanitarian, development projects and programmes for the West Bank and Gaza — and ended the annual grant that the Congress has authorised for Palestinian hospitals operating in occupied East Jerusalem. In addition to these cruel cuts in much-needed financial assistance, the Trump administration has closed the Palestinian Mission in Washington and announced plans to redefine who is, in their view, a Palestinian refugee.
At the same time, the White House acquiesced to the passage of Israel’s ‘Jewish Nation-State Bill’ and said nothing in opposition to Israel’s recent announcement of thousands of new colony units, some in highly sensitive areas — either in Arab East Jerusalem or deep in the heart of the West Bank. They also let pass, without protest, Israel’s planned demolition of an entire Arab village and a number of Palestinian homes in occupied Jerusalem.
In a recent interview with a Sheldon Adelson-owned Israeli newspaper, US Ambassador to Israel, David Friedman, after gloating over his success in moving the US Embassy from Tel Aviv to occupied Jerusalem, made it clear that there is a “new day” in the US-Israel relationship. He said: “We don’t tell Israel what to do,” signalling that Israel can operate with impunity towards the Palestinians and the Occupied Territories because in the new US view, “It’s always Israel’s decision”. In a separate and equally revealing interview, Jared Kushner, senior adviser to and son-in-law of Trump, termed the US administration’s moves as necessary to “strip away ‘false realities’” — meaning “taking [occupied] Jerusalem and Palestinian refugees’ right of return off the table”.
All of these actions, taken together, tell me that the Trump administration has fully embraced the hardline world view of Israel’s Likud. They reject not only the Palestinian right to self-determination, but also do not accept the very idea of Palestinian “peoplehood”.
The plans they have announced would sever the West Bank from Gaza and leave occupied East Jerusalem and the 28 Palestinian villages trapped within the Israel-annexed “Greater Jerusalem”. Meanwhile, as a result of the Trump administration’s declared intention to economically strangle UNRWA and end this programme, the Palestinians in refugee camps in Lebanon, Syria and Jordan would not only be forced to give up their property rights and their “right of return”, but they would be turned over to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, to be resettled in other countries.
If this Trumpian approach were to succeed, the Palestinian nation would be dismembered and dispersed. In their mind, it would cease to exist.
The Israelis, for their part, have been given a carte blanche. They get: Jerusalem; an end to the “refugee problem;” the right to declare that only they are entitled to self-determination; freedom to demolish and build colonies, as they wish, in the Occupied Territories; and an increasingly economically deprived Palestinian population that they hope will either submit to Israel’s will or be forced to leave.
All of this calls to mind an earlier era; when Zionists referred to Palestine as “a land without a people for a people without a land;” or Golda Meir’s “It was not as if there was a Palestinian people in Palestine ... They did not exist”. This hardline Israeli rejection of Palestinians as a nation and a people with rights was to have ended with the Oslo Accords, signed 25 years ago. In the introduction to that accords, Israel and the Palestinians recognised each other’s right to self-determination. What was left, was to find the way to implement that mutual recognition. Succeeding US administrations failed miserably in pressing the parties to implement the accords.
For example, instead of “striking while the iron was hot”, the administration of former US president Bill Clinton, operating with the faulty assumption that the Israelis and Palestinians could do it on their own, lost precious time, allowing hardline Israelis, Palestinians and members of the US Congress to sabotage the fledgling process.
As a frequent visitor to Israel/Palestine in those early years, after seeing the expanding Israeli forms of repression, the growth of colonies and increased Palestinian bitterness and despair brought on by dramatic spikes in unemployment and poverty, I wrote: “If there’s a ‘peace process’, someone forgot to tell the Israeli occupation forces and the Palestinian people.”
The situation went from bad to worse. Israeli politics became more hardline. The Palestinian National Authority (PNA) became an economic dependency and a security force without any real control over their territory, their land and their ability to develop. The US, failing to address the asymmetry of power (Israel had it all, while the Palestinians had none), largely functioned as a self-willed shepherd of a dying “peace process” — often acting less like an “honest broker” and more like the begrudging enabler of Israel’s bad behaviour.
And then the peace process died an unannounced and unacknowledged death. Only the fiction of a process remained.
Now, with the Trump administration, the mask is off and even the fiction has ended. As it takes shape, as revealed through Washington’s recent actions, Trump’s “ultimate deal” appears to be not a formula for a just peace, but a forced Palestinian acquiescence to the Zionist vision for Palestine. Recognising this, an Israeli commentator recently sarcastically wrote: “First Trump took [occupied] Jerusalem off the table, then he took the refugees off the table, all he has to do now is take the Palestinians off the table — and I guess we’ll call it peace.”
But not so fast. Despite the dysfunctional state of the Palestinian political order, it must be remembered that it wasn’t the Palestine Liberation Organisation or the PNA or UNRWA that created and sustained Palestinian national aspirations. Rather, these bodies, in their time, have embodied those aspirations of the Palestinian people. These entities may disappear or be destroyed — but the will of the Palestinian people lives on. Those who ignore either their will or the fact that the issue of Palestine, for the Arab people, remains “the wound in the heart that never healed” should beware of the consequences of their ignorance.
Dr James J. Zogby is the president of Arab American Institute, a non-profit, non-partisan national leadership organisation.