Miami: A woman who was given a new liver, pancreas, stomach and small and large intestines at a Miami hospital in 2007 has delivered a healthy baby girl, believed to be the first known case of a five-organ transplant patient giving birth.
Fatima Al Ansari, 26, said on Wednesday she was overjoyed after giving birth by caesarean section February 26. She held the sleeping child at a gathering with reporters on Wednesday at the same hospital, Jackson Memorial, where she had transplant surgery in 2007.
“It’s a hard feeling to express,” the smiling mother said, gently cradling her daughter Alkadi Al Hayal, who had weighed 4 pounds 7 ounces upon arrival. “It’s the best feeling in the world,” she said in Arabic, her words translated by an interpreter.
Snuggled in a white blanket and white cap, the child slept quietly in her mother’s arms while her parents addressed reporters’ questions with her doctors.
The woman, who lives in Qatar and plans to return home in coming weeks, was there at 19 when she was diagnosed with a blood clot in a major vein to the intestine — requiring transplant surgery.
Dr. Shalih Y. Yaseen, the woman’s obstetrician, said there have been some cases in Europe of births by transplant patients who had two organs “but not five.”
“We have searched all medical literature all over the world for any pregnancy that had five multi-transplants and this is the first case to our knowledge,” said the doctor with the University of Miami Health System.
Yaseen said an adult with five transplanted organs who is sufficiently healthy to even consider having a child “is a miracle by itself.”
Fatima was forced to terminate a previous pregnancy early on after her diagnosis, which made her think she would never be able to get pregnant. She said her husband, Khalifa Al Hayal, gave her hope to realise her dream and they became parents through in-vitro fertilisation.
Her recent pregnancy was considered high-risk and she was monitored closely by her team of transplant doctors and gynaecologists in Miami.
She did not have an infection during her pregnancy, as her doctors had prepared for, but she faced minor complications including the flu, some bleeding and physical discomfort from her growing baby.
“It’s not an easy pregnancy to go through,” Yaseen said. “One has to make sure the transplant organ is not rejected, that the medications are safe to the baby.”
Experts noted the uniqueness of the case.
“While we have a good success rate to get patients to survive and back to normal, almost none of them go on to bear children,” said Dr Thomas Fishbein, Executive Director at the Georgetown Transplant Institute, who was not part of Fatima’s medical team.
He said he has seen multi-organ patients go through pregnancy, but not five-organ transplants.
“So this is very good news for the field,” he said, noting the number of patients who have had successful bowel transplants is very small because of difficulty in achieving stable, long-term acceptance of that organ.
Fatima’s doctors said she is in fact healthy enough to try for a second baby. And they said her case also offers some hope to other multi-organ transplant patients.