Trading volumes between the British pound and the cryptocurrency Bitcoin spiked to a record high after the sterling dropped to record lows repeatedly, according to France-based market data firm Kaiko Research, in what analysts said was likely a rush by investors to dump their sterling for the digital asset or profit from arbitrage.
The pound fell to a record low against the dollar on Monday, having plunged the previous Friday after the UK government announced unfunded tax cuts.
The volume of transactions in the Bitcoin-sterling trading pair across eight major exchanges globally spiked to a record high of 846 million pounds ($920 million) on Monday, according to Kaiko Research, compared with an average of around 54.1 million pounds a day so far in 2022.
Many swap the UK sterling for Bitcoin
The surge was likely due to traders swapping the UK sterling for Bitcoin, said James Butterfill, head of research at crypto firm CoinShares. "There is a high correlation to bitcoin volume growth and political/monetary instability," he said.
Butterfill said spikes have previously occurred in other currencies' crypto trading volumes, such as the Russian ruble and Ukrainian hryvnia, but that he had never seen such big moves in the Bitcoin-sterling pair's volume.
Conor Ryder, research analyst at Kaiko, said the data suggests cryptocurrency markets reacted to the volatility in fiat currencies. When sterling crashed on September 26, "opportunistic investors rushed to crypto exchanges offering BTC-GBP to try and profit via arbitrage from any mispricing of bitcoin across the major fiat currencies," he said in emailed comments.
Crypto exchange Bitfinex said it saw a "significant spike" in volume and trading activity for the bitcoin-sterling pair on Monday, which Bitfinex analysts said "underlined the potential of the biggest cryptocurrency to benefit from an apparent fragility in fiat currencies." To be sure, cryptocurrencies are highly volatile and the price of bitcoin has fallen sharply so far in 2022 as rising interest rates prompted investors to ditch riskier assets.
Versus the US dollar, Bitcoin is down around 58 per cent so far this year, while the British pound is down 20 per cent. Bitcoin was trading around $19,515 on Wednesday and at 17,940 versus the British pound. The cryptocurrency hit a two-week high against the British pound on Tuesday.